Alexander M. Lawson

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Infection with Plasmodium falciparum during pregnancy leads to the accumulation of parasite-infected erythrocytes in the placenta, and is associated with excess perinatal mortality, premature delivery and intrauterine growth retardation in the infant, as well as increased maternal mortality and morbidity. P. falciparum can adhere to specific receptors on(More)
Negative-ion electrospray mass spectrometry (ES-MS) with collision-induced dissociation (CID) and MS/MS scanning on a quadrupole-orthoganal time-of-flight instrument provide a sensitive means for structural analysis of neutral underivatized oligosaccharides. Molecular mass information can be readily obtained from the dominant [M - H]- ions in the ES mass(More)
Lignans have, until recently, been found only in plants. Enterolactone and enterodiol are the major lignans present in the urine of humans and have a potential physiological protective role against cancer. It has been shown that these compounds can be formed in vitro by human faecal flora and that enterodiol is oxidized to enterolactone by bacteria that are(More)
The monoclonal antibody HNK-1 originally raised to an antigenic marker of natural killer cells also binds to selected regions in nervous tissue. The antigen is a carbohydrate that has attracted much interest as its expression is developmentally regulated in nervous tissue, and it is found, and proposed to be a ligand, on several of the adhesive(More)
We describe microarrays of oligosaccharides as neoglycolipids and their robust display on nitrocellulose. The arrays are sourced from glycoproteins, glycolipids, proteoglycans, polysaccharides, whole organs, or from chemically synthesized oligosaccharides. We show that carbohydrate-recognizing proteins single out their ligands not only in arrays of(More)
Urinary bile acids from a 3-mo-old boy with cholestatic jaundice were analyzed by ion exchange chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). This suggested the presence of labile sulfated cholenoic acids with an allylic hydroxyl group, a conclusion supported by analysis using fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry (FAB-MS). The compounds(More)
The identification (by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and n.m.r.) for the first time of the weak oestrogen equol [7-hydroxy-3-(4'-hydroxyphenyl)chroman] in human urine is described. Preliminary results of its quantitative excretion in urine are reported and the potential significance of the occurrence of this compound is discussed.
Since there is no consensus sequence directing the initial GalNAc incorporation into mucin peptides, O-glycosylation sites are not reliably predictable. We have developed a mass spectrometric sequencing strategy that allows the identification of in vivo O-glycosylation sites on mucin-derived glycopeptides. Lactation-associated MUC1 was isolated from human(More)
Dectin-1 is a C-type lectin-like receptor on leukocytes that mediates phagocytosis and inflammatory mediator production in innate immunity to fungal pathogens. Dectin-1 lacks residues involved in calcium ligation that mediates carbohydrate-binding by classical C-type lectins; nevertheless, it binds zymosan, a particulate beta-glucan-rich extract of(More)