Alexander M Hetherington

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The level of hearing rehabilitation enjoyed by cochlear implant (CI) recipients has increased dramatically since the introduction of these devices. This improvement is the result of continual development of these systems and the inclusion of subjects with less severe auditory pathology. Developments include advanced signal processing, higher stimulation(More)
Research in animal models has demonstrated that electrical stimulation from a cochlear implant (CI) may help prevent degeneration of the cochlear spiral ganglion (SG) neurons after deafness. In cats deafened early in life, effective stimulation of the auditory nerve with complex signals for several months preserves a greater density of SG neurons in the(More)
Postnatal development and survival of spiral ganglion (SG) neurons depend on both neural activity and neurotrophic support. Our previous studies showed that electrical stimulation from a cochlear implant only partially prevents SG degeneration after early deafness. Thus, neurotrophic agents that might be combined with an implant to improve neural survival(More)
The effectiveness of multichannel cochlear implants depends on the activation of perceptually distinct regions of the auditory nerve. Increased information transfer is possible as the number of channels and dynamic range are increased and electrical and neural interaction among channels is reduced. Human and animal studies have demonstrated that specific(More)
Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) bone cement serves as the primary fixation material between bone and the prosthetic component in cemented total hip arthroplasty. In vivo degradation of bone cement may lead to a decrease in mechanical properties of PMMA and result in aseptic loosening. However, other factors such as porosity and location of the cement relative(More)
Both neurotrophic support and neural activity are required for normal postnatal development and survival of cochlear spiral ganglion (SG) neurons. Previous studies in neonatally deafened cats demonstrated that electrical stimulation (ES) from a cochlear implant can promote improved SG survival but does not completely prevent progressive neural degeneration.(More)
Tracer counting of beta emitters in aqueous solution was performed with a detector fabricated from a plastic scintillator capillary. The detector exhibits low gamma background and reproducible detection efficiency, and it requires minimum sample preparation. Counting efficiencies were determined for aqueous solutions of P(32), Na(22), and C(14) and for(More)
Of sixty-nine examples of the photosensitivity dermatitis and actinic reticuloid syndrome, nine were found to be allergically sensitive to chrysanthemum oleoresin extract. Although this extract showed evidence in vitro of a phototoxic action we were unable with in vivo studies to explain the connection between the contact allergic sensitivity and the(More)