Alexander L Ramirez

  • Citations Per Year
Learn More
Botulinum toxin type B was studied for the management of hyperkinetic facial lines. It showed clinical longevity of up to 12 weeks on subjective rating scales and 8 weeks on objective rating scales. Botulinum toxin type B has shown relative safety but can have autonomic side effects at higher total doses, which limits the possibility of continued dose(More)
OBJECTIVES To review a technique and to make quantitative analyses of the senior author's 20-year experience with his preferred technique to correct the high female hairline. METHODS A retrospective review of 29 female patients who underwent the hairline-lowering procedure performed by the same surgeon (S.S.K.). We analyzed preoperative and postoperative(More)
In order to identify risk factors associated with human exposure to fluoride in San Luis Potosi (SLP), Mexico, a biochemical and epidemiological study was carried out in 1992. Results from the analysis of fluoride sources showed that 61% of tap water samples had fluoride levels above the optimal level of 0.7-1.2 ppm. The levels were higher after boiling. In(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy, longevity, and safety of BioGlue Surgical Adhesive for periosteal fixation in endoscopic browlifts. METHODS Retrospective review of 80 patients who underwent endoscopic browlift using BioGlue as the primary means of periosteal fixation. Visits were categorized as preoperative, 1 to 2 months, 3 to 6 months, and 7 to 12(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to characterize the auditory dysfunction associated with chronic pachymeningitis (inflammation of the dura mater). STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING We conducted a university-based retrospective review. RESULTS Three patients were identified who were diagnosed with chronic pachymeningitis after being referred for(More)
OBJECTIVE Our goal was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of botulinum toxin type B (BTX-B) in the management of hyperfunctional facial lines. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING Twenty-four patients from an academic faculty practice were treated with 400 to 800 units BTX-B in the corrugator, orbicularis oculi, or frontalis. Patients were evaluated with the Wrinkle(More)
BACKGROUND The study of respiratory muscle endurance has mainly focused on inspiratory muscles. A new method to measure expiratory muscle endurance, through incremental threshold loading using a weighted plunger valve, has recently been described. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the mechanical features of the plunger valve and the reproducibility of the method(More)
  • 1