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BACKGROUND Recent phylogenomic analyses have revolutionized our view of eukaryote evolution by revealing unexpected relationships between and within the eukaryotic supergroups. However, for several groups of uncultivable protists, only the ribosomal RNA genes and a handful of proteins are available, often leading to unresolved evolutionary relationships. A(More)
Cochliopodium is a very distinctive genus of discoid amoebae covered by a dorsal tectum of carbohydrate microscales. Its phylogenetic position is unclear, since although sharing many features with naked "gymnamoebae", the tectum sets it apart. We sequenced 18S ribosomal RNA genes from three Cochliopodium species (minus, spiniferum and Cochliopodium sp., a(More)
Amoebozoa is a key phylum for eukaryote phylogeny and evolutionary history, but its phylogenetic validity has been questioned since included species are very diverse: amoebo-flagellate slime-moulds, naked and testate amoebae, and some flagellates. 18S rRNA gene trees have not firmly established its internal topology. To rectify this we sequenced cDNA(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the ITS1-5.8S ribosomal DNA spacer fragment was determined for 41 samples of the Malus species. The total length of compared sequences ranged from 389 to 392 bp. The nucleotide sequence of the 5.8S gene within the genus was highly conserved. The level of polymorphism of ITS1 region comprised 14%. Both species- and group-specific(More)
The sequences that encode the main functional glucosyltransferase domain of sucrose synthase genes have been identified for the first time in 14 Malus species and related Rosaceae species, and their polymorphism was investigated. Single nucleotide polymorphisms leading to amino acid substitutions in the protein sequence, including the conservative(More)
The first molecular genetic analysis of the apple species and varieties from Russian collections with the AFLP marker system was performed in order to study the genetic diversity of the genus Malus, as well as to clarify the phylogeny and solve some systematic issues of the genus. Nienty-one apple accessions, including species from five sections of the(More)
Cochliopodium gallicum n. sp., isolated from cyanobacterial mats in the Camargue (France) is the smallest marine species of Cochliopodium to date. Its unusual tectum consists of flat plate-shaped scales with honeycomb-like centres, underlain by a layer of filamentous structures connected to each other in the basal and apical parts. The tectum is very fine(More)
DNA samples obtained from the populations of the Red Data Book species Bellevalia sarmatica (Georgi) Worovow from Volgograd oblast were examined using RAPD and AFLP analyses. DNA marking revealed considerable differences in the levels of interpopulation and intraspecific polymorphisms the Bellevalia. Furthermore, RAPD analysis, despite of lower levels of(More)