Alexander Kolbanovskiy

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Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P), a known environmental pollutant and tobacco smoke carcinogen, is metabolically activated to highly tumorigenic B[a]P diol epoxide derivatives that predominantly form N(2)-guanine adducts in cellular DNA. Although nucleotide excision repair (NER) is an important cellular defense mechanism, the molecular basis of recognition of these(More)
The combined action of oxidative stress and genotoxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons derivatives can lead to cluster-type DNA damage that includes both a modified nucleotide and a bulky lesion. As an example, we investigated the possibility of repair of an AP site located opposite a minor groove-positioned (+)-trans-BPDE-dG or a base-displaced(More)
The combined action of oxidative stress and genotoxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons derivatives can lead to cluster-type DNA damage that includes both a modified nucleotide and a bulky lesion. As an example, we investigated the possibility of repair of an AP site located opposite a minor groove-positioned (+)-trans-BPDE-dG or a base-displaced(More)
Several recently discovered human DNA polymerases are associated with translesion synthesis past DNA adducts. These include human DNA polymerase kappa (pol kappa), a homologue of Escherichia coli pol IV, which enhances the frequency of spontaneous mutation. Using a truncated form of pol kappa (pol kappa Delta C), translesion synthesis past dG-(+)- or(More)
The effects of bases flanking single bulky lesions derived from the binding of a benzo[a]pyrene 7,8-diol 9,10-epoxide derivative ((+)-7R,8S,9S,10R stereoisomer) to N(2)-guanine (G*) on translesion bypass catalyzed by the Y-family polymerase pol kappa (hDinB1) were examined in vitro. The lesions were positioned near the middle of six different 43-mer(More)
DNA polymerase nu (POLN or pol nu) is a newly discovered A family polymerase that generates a high error rate when incorporating nucleotides opposite dG; its translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) capability has only been demonstrated for high fidelity replication bypass of thymine glycol lesions. In the current investigation, we describe a novel TLS substrate(More)
The aromatic amine carcinogen 2-aminofluorene (AF) forms covalent adducts with DNA, predominantly with guanine at the C8 position. Such lesions are bypassed by Y-family polymerases such as Dpo4 via error-free and error-prone mechanisms. We show that Dpo4 catalyzes elongation from a correct 3'-terminal cytosine opposite [AF]G in a nonrepetitive template(More)
The environmental carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene (BP) is metabolized to reactive diol epoxides that bind to cellular DNA by predominantly forming N2-guanine adducts (G*). Mutation hotspots for these adducts are frequently found in 5'- ... GG ... dinucleotide sequences, but their origins are poorly understood. Here we used high resolution NMR and molecular(More)
Replication through a single DNA lesion may give rise to a panel of translesion synthesis (TLS) events, which comprise error-free TLS, base substitutions and frameshift mutations. In order to determine the genetic control of the various TLS events induced by a single lesion, we have chosen the major N2-dG adduct of (+)-anti-Benzo(a)pyrene diol epoxide(More)
Equilenin, an important component of a widely prescribed hormone replacement formulation for postmenopausal women, is metabolized by mammalian P450 enzymes to the catechol 4-hydroxyequilenin (4-OHEN). The oxidized o-quinone derivative of 4-OHEN is known to form cyclic covalent adducts with DNA [Bolton, J. (1998) Chem. Res. Toxicol. 11, 1113] in vitro and in(More)