Learn More
The aromatic amine carcinogen 2-aminofluorene (AF) forms covalent adducts with DNA, predominantly with guanine at the C8 position. Such lesions are bypassed by Y-family polymerases such as Dpo4 via error-free and error-prone mechanisms. We show that Dpo4 catalyzes elongation from a correct 3'-terminal cytosine opposite [AF]G in a nonrepetitive template(More)
Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P), a known environmental pollutant and tobacco smoke carcinogen, is metabolically activated to highly tumorigenic B[a]P diol epoxide derivatives that predominantly form N(2)-guanine adducts in cellular DNA. Although nucleotide excision repair (NER) is an important cellular defense mechanism, the molecular basis of recognition of these(More)
The molecular basis of resistance to nucleotide excision repair (NER) of certain bulky DNA lesions is poorly understood. To address this issue, we have studied NER in human HeLa cell extracts of two topologically distinct lesions, one derived from benzo[a]pyrene (10R-(+)-cis-anti-B[a]P-N(2)-dG), and one from the food mutagen(More)
The combined action of oxidative stress and genotoxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons derivatives can lead to cluster-type DNA damage that includes both a modified nucleotide and a bulky lesion. As an example, we investigated the possibility of repair of an AP site located opposite a minor groove-positioned (+)-trans-BPDE-dG or a base-displaced(More)
DNA polymerase nu (POLN or pol nu) is a newly discovered A family polymerase that generates a high error rate when incorporating nucleotides opposite dG; its translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) capability has only been demonstrated for high fidelity replication bypass of thymine glycol lesions. In the current investigation, we describe a novel TLS substrate(More)
The structural origins of differences in susceptibilities of various DNA lesions to nucleotide excision repair (NER) are poorly understood. Here we compared, in the same sequence context, the relative NER dual incision efficiencies elicited by two stereochemically distinct pairs of guanine (N(2)-dG) and adenine (N(6)-dA) DNA lesions, derived from(More)
Oxidatively generated damage to DNA induced by a pyrenyl photosensitizer residue (Py) covalently attached to a guanine base in the DNA sequence context 5'-d(CAT[G1Py]CG2TCCTAC) in aerated solutions was monitored from the initial one-electron transfer, or hole injection step, to the formation of chemical end-products monitored by HPLC, mass spectrometry, and(More)
Site-specific carcinogen-modified oligonucleotides are often used in site-directed mutagenesis and other biological and biochemical studies of structure-function relationships. Postsynthetic analysis and confirmation of the sites of carcinogen binding in such oligonucleotides is an important step in the characterization of these site-specific carcinogen-DNA(More)
Several recently discovered human DNA polymerases are associated with translesion synthesis past DNA adducts. These include human DNA polymerase kappa (pol kappa), a homologue of Escherichia coli pol IV, which enhances the frequency of spontaneous mutation. Using a truncated form of pol kappa (pol kappa Delta C), translesion synthesis past dG-(+)- or(More)
The influence of DNA base sequence context on the removal of a bulky benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide-guanine adduct, (+)-trans-B[a]P-N2-dG (G*), by UvrABC nuclease from the thermophilic organism Bacillus caldotenax was investigated. The lesion was flanked by either T or C in otherwise identical complementary 43-mer duplexes (TG*T or CG*C, respectively). It was(More)