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A comprehensive investigation of polar stratospheric clouds was performed on 25 January 2000 with instruments onboard a balloon gondola flown from Kiruna, Sweden. Cloud layers were repeatedly encountered at altitudes between 20 and 24 kilometers over a wide range of atmospheric temperatures (185 to 197 kelvin). Particle composition analysis showed that a(More)
The karyotype is so far the most important prognostic parameter in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Molecular mutations have been analyzed to subdivide AML with normal karyotype into prognostic subsets. The aim of this study was to develop a prognostic model for the entire AML cohort solely based on molecular markers. One thousand patients with cytogenetic(More)
High-throughput DNA sequencing significantly contributed to diagnosis and prognostication in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). We determined the biological and prognostic significance of genetic aberrations in MDS. In total, 944 patients with various MDS subtypes were screened for known/putative mutations/deletions in 104 genes using targeted(More)
Accurate diagnosis and classification of leukemias are the bases for the appropriate management of patients. The diagnostic accuracy and efficiency of present methods may be improved by the use of microarrays for gene expression profiling. We analyzed gene expression profiles in 937 bone marrow and peripheral blood samples from 892 patients with all(More)
Recent reports support a possible future application of gene expression profiling for the diagnosis of leukemias. However, the robustness of subtype-specific gene expression signatures has to be proven on independent patient samples. Here, we present gene expression data of 34 adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients (Affymetrix U133A microarrays).(More)
Gene expression profiling has the potential to enhance current methods for the diagnosis of haematological malignancies. Here, we present data on 204 analyses from an international standardization programme that was conducted in 11 laboratories as a prephase to the Microarray Innovations in LEukemia (MILE) study. Each laboratory prepared two cell line(More)
The clinical course of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is heterogeneous. Several prognostic factors have been identified that can stratify patients into groups that differ in their relative tendency for disease progression and/or survival. Here, we pursued a subnetwork-based analysis of gene expression profiles to discriminate between(More)
Tumor cell survival critically depends on heterotypic communication with benign cells in the microenvironment. Here, we describe a survival signaling pathway activated in stromal cells by contact to B cells from patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The expression of protein kinase C (PKC)-βII and the subsequent activation of NF-κB in bone(More)
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with mutated NPM1 usually carries normal karyotype (NK), but it may harbor chromosomal aberrations whose significance remains unclear. We addressed this question in 631 AML patients with mutated/cytoplasmic NPM1. An abnormal karyotype (AK) was present in 93 of 631 cases (14.7%), the most frequent abnormalities being +8, +4, -Y,(More)
An ideal expression algorithm should be able to tell truly different expression levels with small false positive errors and be robust to assay changes. We propose two algorithms. PQN is the non-central trimmed mean of perfect match intensities with quantile normalization. DQN is the non-central trimmed mean of differences between perfect match and mismatch(More)