Alexander Kerem

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Lung capillary endothelial cells (ECs) are a critical target of oxygen toxicity and play a central role in the pathogenesis of hyperoxic lung injury. To determine mechanisms and time course of EC activation in normobaric hyperoxia, we measured endothelial concentration of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cytosolic calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) by in situ imaging(More)
Whereas endothelial responses to shear stress have been studied extensively, the responses to circumferential vascular stretch are yet poorly defined. Circumferential stretch in pulmonary microvessels is largely determined by the transmural pressure gradient, hence by both vascular perfusion and alveolar ventilation pressures. Here, we have studied the(More)
RATIONALE Congestive heart failure (CHF) frequently results in remodeling and increased tone of pulmonary resistance vessels. This adaptive response, which aggravates pulmonary hypertension and thus, promotes right ventricular failure, has been attributed to lung endothelial dysfunction. OBJECTIVE We applied real-time fluorescence imaging to identify(More)
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