Alexander J. Micco

Learn More
Cerebral blood flow increases at high altitude, but the mechanism of the increase and its role in adaptation to high altitude are unclear. We hypothesized that the hypoxemia at high altitude would increase cerebral blood flow, which would in turn defend O2 delivery to the brain. Noninvasive Doppler ultrasound was used to measure the flow velocities in the(More)
Persons with acute altitude sickness hypoventilate at high altitude compared with persons without symptoms. We hypothesized that their hypoventilation was due to low initial hypoxic ventilatory responsiveness, combined with subsequent blunting of ventilation by hypocapnia and/or prolonged hypoxia. To test this hypothesis, we compared eight subjects with(More)
A computer-controlled gas-mixing system that manipulates inspired CO2 and O2 on a breath-to-breath basis has been developed. The system uses pairs of solenoid valves, one pair for each gas. These valves can either be fully shut when a low voltage is applied, or fully open when a high voltage is applied. The valves cycle open and shut every 1/12 s. A circuit(More)
The measurement of peripheral blood flow by plethysmography assumes that the cuff pressure required for venous occlusion does not decrease arterial inflow. However, studies in five normal subjects suggested that calf blood flow measured with a plethysmograph was less than arterial inflow calculated from Doppler velocity measurements. We hypothesized that(More)
Cerebral blood flow increases with acute exposure to high altitude, but the effect of hypoxia on the cerebral circulation at rest and during exercise appears influenced by the duration of high-altitude exposure. To determine whether internal carotid artery flow velocity increased with exercise in long-term residents of high altitude and whether resting(More)
Cerebral blood flow and O2 delivery during exercise are important for well-being at altitude but have not been studied. We expected flow to increase on arrival at altitude and then to fall as O2 saturation and hemoglobin increased, thereby maintaining cerebral O2 delivery. We used Doppler ultrasound to measure internal carotid artery flow velocity at sea(More)
Ultrasound studies in pulmonary hypertension often show systolic partial closure of the pulmonic valve and early peaking of Doppler pulmonary flow velocity, but these findings are poorly understood. Our initial observations of earlier systolic partial closure with higher pulmonary pressures suggested that this phenomenon might relate to pressure. In 30(More)
Instrumentation systems for breath-to-breath analysis of respiratory gas exchange have been faulted by phase lags between various flow and composition signals and by difficulties in gathering and processing large amounts of data. The system described here represents an attempt to overcome these problems. Phase delays have been minimized by using a direct,(More)