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In two separate studies, episodic semantic (verbal) and figural-memory abilities as measured by the Wechsler Memory Scale (Russell Method) are compared in middle-aged detoxified male alcoholics and controls. Both studies gave rise to similar findings. Alcoholics recalled significantly less verbal and figural material at both immediate recall and 30-min… (More)
An exact analysis of the excess noise in a two-mirror laser that takes into account the intracavity elements and the position of the active medium is presented. The influence of the active medium's position and length of the laser cavity on the excess noise factor is shown.
The characteristic dimensions of Bessel beams are fully determined by the corresponding Bessel functions. We consider a way of obtaining a narrower diameter of the central core of a diffractive pattern generated by the Bessel beams. The method relies on superposition of two or more Bessel beams with appropriately chosen amplitudes and widths. The disturbing… (More)
The focusing of Gaussian beams is described in terms of complex rays, and a simple example is given for the case of reflection from a mirror.
The Muller F element (4.2 Mb, ~80 protein-coding genes) is an unusual autosome of Drosophila melanogaster; it is mostly heterochromatic with a low recombination rate. To investigate how these properties impact the evolution of repeats and genes, we manually improved the sequence and annotated the genes on the D. erecta, D. mojavensis, and D. grimshawi F… (More)