Alexander J. B. Zehnder

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A methanogenic bacterium, commonly seen in digested sludge and referred to as the “fat rod” or Methanobacterium soehngenii, has been enriched to a monoculture and is characterized. Cells are gramnegative, non-motile and appear as straight rods with flat ends. They form filaments which can grow to great lengths. The structure of the outer cell envelop is(More)
Activated sludge communities which performed enhanced biological phosphate removal (EBPR) were phylogenetically analyzed by 16S rRNA-targeted molecular methods. Two anaerobic-aerobic sequencing batch reactors were operated with two different carbon sources (acetate vs. a complex mixture) for three years and showed anaerobic-aerobic cycles of(More)
The highly enriched anaerobic bacterium that couples the reductive dechlorination of tetrachloroethene to growth, previously referred to as PER-K23, was obtained in pure culture and characterized. The bacterium, which does not form spores, is a small, gram-negative rod with one lateral flagellum. It utilized only H2 as an electron donor and(More)
Induction and repression of denitrification activity were studied in a continuous culture of Paracoccus denitrificans during changes from aerobic to anaerobic growth conditions and vice versa. The denitrification activity of the cells was monitored by measuring the formation of denitrification products (nitrite, nitric oxide, nitrous oxide, and dinitrogen),(More)
A microscopically pure enrichment culture of a gram-negative anaerobic bacterium, in the present article referred to as PER-K23, was isolated from an anaerobic packed-bed column in which tetrachloroethene (PCE) was reductively transformed to ethane via trichloroethene (TCE), cis-1,2-dichloroethene (cis-1,2-DCE), chloroethene, and ethene. PER-K23 catalyzes(More)
Bacterial adhesion in natural and artificial systems has been critically reviewed to investigate the influences exerted by the presence of interfaces. Numerous investigations have demonstrated that, in the presence of a solid phase, the activity of bacterial cultures is changed. Reviewing relevant literature, two problems were encountered. One is of an(More)
Reductive dechlorination of tetrachloroethene (perchloroethylene; PCE) was observed at 20 degrees C in a fixed-bed column, filled with a mixture (3:1) of anaerobic sediment from the Rhine river and anaerobic granular sludge. In the presence of lactate (1 mM) as an electron donor, 9 microM PCE was dechlorinated to ethene. Ethene was further reduced to(More)
Anoxic sediments and digested sewage sludge anaerobically oxidized methane to carbon dioxide while producing methane. This strictly anaerobic process showed a temperature optimum between 25 and 37 degrees C, indicating an active microbial participation in this reaction. Methane oxidation in these anaerobic habitats was inhibited by oxygen. The rate of the(More)
Analysis of chlorobenzene-degrading transconjugants of Pseudomonas putida F1 which had acquired the genes for chlorocatechol degradation (clc) from Pseudomonas sp. strain B13 revealed that the clc gene cluster was present on a 105-kb amplifiable genetic element (named the clc element). In one such transconjugant, P. putida RR22, a total of seven or eight(More)