Alexander I Shames

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Two non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), sodium diclofenac (Na-DFC) and celecoxib (CLXB) were solubilized within cubic and lamellar mesophases as carriers for transdermal drug delivery. SD-NMR, SAXS, ATR-FTIR, and EPR measurements were performed to examine the systems' characteristics and the interactions between the drugs and their hosting(More)
A nitronyl nitroxide radical covalently linked to an organic fluorophore, pyrene, was used to detect nitric oxide (NO) from freshly excited tissues. This approach is based on the phenomenon of the intramolecular fluorescence quenching of the fluorophore fragment by the nitroxide. The pyrene-nitronyl (PN) reacts with NO to yield a pyrene-imino nitroxide(More)
The kinetics of reduction of the radical R*, 5-dimethylaminonaphthalene-1-sulfonyl-4-amino-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidine-oxyl by blood and its components were studied using the EPR technique. The results demonstrate that R* is adsorbed to the outer surface of the membrane and does not penetrate into the erythrocytes. A series of control experiments in(More)
Since peptide quinones possess great clinical potential in targeted chemotherapy, several series of novel N-quinonyl amino acids have been synthesized and their first products of reduction were studied by EPR spectroscopy. EPR spectra of the corresponding radical adducts were identified by computer simulation. The dependence between the splitting constants(More)
Sodium diclofenac (Na-DFC) and celecoxib (CLXB) are common nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) drugs which suffer from poor bioavailability and severe side effects when consumed orally, and their transdermal delivery might present important advantages. In this study, the drugs were solubilized in cubic and lamellar mesophases as transdermal delivery(More)
The fluorescence intensity of the fluorophore in dansyl piperidine-nitroxide is intramolecularly quenched by the nitroxyl fragment. Therefore, the oxidation of ascorbic acid by the fluorophore-nitroxide (FN) probe can be monitored by two independent methods: steady-state fluorescence and electron paramagnetic resonance. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) affects(More)
A new method for quantitative analysis of vitamin C in biological and chemical liquids was proposed. The method is based on the use of dual molecule consisting of a fluorescent chromophore and a nitroxide radical. In the dual molecule, the nitroxide acts as a quencher of the fluorescence of the chromophore fragment. Reduction of the nitroxide fragment by(More)
Bolaamphiphiles - amphiphilic molecules consisting of two hydrophilic headgroups linked by a hydrophobic chain - form highly stable vesicles consisting of a monolayer membrane that can be used as vehicles to deliver drugs across biological membranes, particularly the blood-brain barrier (BBB). We prepared new vesicles comprising bolaamphiphiles(More)
Intrinsic paramagnetic defects in ∼5 nm sized nanodiamonds, produced by various dynamic synthesis (DySND) techniques (detonation, shock-wave, pulsed laser ablation of solid carbon containing targets), have been studied by multi-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). X-band (9-10 GHz) EPR spectra of DySND, in addition to the main intensive singlet(More)
A new experimental approach has been developed to study the distribution of local electrostatic potential around specific protons in biologically important molecules. The approach is the development of a method denoted as "spin label/spin probe," which was proposed by one of us (. Mol. Biol. 6:498-507). The proposed method is based upon the quantitative(More)