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The identification of small-molecule modulators of protein function, and the process of transforming these into high-content lead series, are key activities in modern drug discovery. The decisions taken during this process have far-reaching consequences for success later in lead optimization and even more crucially in clinical development. Recently, there… (More)
Screening of the Roche compound depository led to the identification of (1-benzyloxy-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-butyl amine 4, a structurally novel NR1/2B subtype selective NMDA receptor antagonist. The structure-activity relationships developed in this series resulted in the discovery of a novel class of potent and selective NMDA receptor blockers… (More)
Recently, we disclosed 4-aminoquinolines as structurally novel NR1/2B subtype selective NMDA receptor antagonists. We would now like to report our findings on structurally related pyridine analogues. The SAR developed in this series resulted in the discovery of high affinity antagonists which are selective (vs alpha1 and M1 receptors) and active in vivo.
The normal plasma protein serum amyloid P component (SAP) binds to fibrils in all types of amyloid deposits, and contributes to the pathogenesis of amyloidosis. In order to intervene in this process we have developed a drug, R-1-[6-[R-2-carboxy-pyrrolidin-1-yl]-6-oxo-hexanoyl]pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid, that is a competitive inhibitor of SAP binding to… (More)
A computer-based method was developed for rapid and automatic identification of potential "frequent hitters". These compounds show up as hits in many different biological assays covering a wide range of targets. A scoring scheme was elaborated from substructure analysis, multivariate linear and nonlinear statistical methods applied to several sets of one… (More)
The GlyT1 transporter has emerged as a key novel target for the treatment of schizophrenia. Herein, we report on the optimization of the 2-alkoxy-5-methylsulfonebenzoylpiperazine class of GlyT1 inhibitors to improve hERG channel selectivity and brain penetration. This effort culminated in the discovery of compound 10a (RG1678), the first potent and… (More)
A computer-based method has been developed for prediction of the hERG (human ether-à-go-go related gene) K(+)-channel affinity of low molecular weight compounds. hERG channel blockage is a major concern in drug design, as such blocking agents can cause sudden cardiac death. Various techniques were applied to finding appropriate molecular descriptors for… (More)
Ro 63-1908, 1-[2-(4-hydroxy-phenoxy)-ethyl]-4-(4-methyl-benzyl)-piperidin-4-ol, is a novel subtype-selective N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist that has been characterized in vitro and in vivo. Ro 63-1908 inhibited [(3)H]dizocilpine ((3)H-MK-801) binding in a biphasic manner with IC(50) values of 0.002 and 97 microM for the high- and low-affinity sites,… (More)
Improving on the poor success rates in the drug discovery industry requires that knowledge-based decisions are made to advance or stop a lead candidate as early as possible in the discovery process. Failure to make such timely decisions on the rigorous selection of lead candidates has costly time and resource implications in downstream drug development. To… (More)
The synthesis and in vitro structure-activity relationships (SAR) of a series of triazoles as A(2A) receptor antagonists is reported. This resulted in the identification of potent, selective and permeable 1,2,4-triazoles such as 42 for further optimization and evaluation in vivo.