Alexander Hodakowski

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Anemia is an early complication of CKD that is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Prior data show associations between abnormal mineral metabolism markers and decreased erythropoiesis. However, few studies have investigated elevated fibroblast growth factor 23 as a risk factor for the development of anemia in(More)
PURPOSE Higher levels of serum phosphate are strongly linked to increased risk of cardiovascular disease and therapies aimed to lower serum phosphate are employed in the management of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Data are limited, however, on serum phosphate as a risk factor for microvascular disease in community-based populations. It is(More)
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