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Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) provides information on the distance between a donor and an acceptor dye in the range 10 to 100 A. Knowledge of the exact positions of some dyes with respect to nucleic acids now enables us to translate these data into precise structural information using molecular modeling. Advances in the preparation of(More)
Advances in bioinformatics and protein modeling algorithms, in addition to the enormous increase in experimental protein structure information, have aided in the generation of databases that comprise homology models of a significant portion of known genomic protein sequences. Currently, 3D structure information can be generated for up to 56% of all known(More)
Progesterone is more than a progestin. Beyond functions in cycle and pregnancy, progesterone binds with high affinity to the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) acting as an antagonist, with obvious significance for electrolyte homeostasis, an array of MR-related functions in the circulation as well as in the CNS. Progesterone induces natriuresis at(More)
Drug-like and lead-like hits derived from HTS campaigns provide good starting points for lead optimization. However, too strong emphasis on potency as hit-selection parameter might hamper the success of such projects. A detailed absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicology (ADME-Tox) profiling is needed to help identify hits with a minimum(More)
Other isotype-selective estrogen receptor (ER) agonists, the selective ERalpha agonist 3,17-dihydroxy-19-nor-17alpha-pregna-1,3,5 (10)-triene-21,16alpha-lactone and the selective ERbeta agonist 8-vinylestra-1,3,5 (10)-triene-3,17beta-diol, were used in hypophysectomized rats, gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist-treated mice, as well as intact rats to(More)
Proteases play a key role in cellular biology and have become priority targets for new pharmaceuticals. Thus, there is a high demand for specific, sensitive, and quick assays to monitor the activity of endoproteases. We designed affinity-tagged helical proteins with unique protease cleavage sites and thus constructed universal, molecularly defined, and(More)
We have analyzed the structure of two related protein-DNA complexes consisting of integration host factor (IHF) bound to two different versions of the H' site of bacteriophage lambda. Both DNA substrates were 55 bp in length. While one was native duplex the other possessed a nick in one strand at a crucial position within the IHF consensus at the same(More)
We analyzed the binding of five steroids to the human glucocorticoid receptor (hGR) experimentally as well as theoretically. In vitro, we measured the binding affinity of aldosterone, cortisol, estradiol, progesterone, and testosterone to hGR in competition with the ligand dexamethasone. The binding affinity relative to the endogenous ligand cortisol (100%)(More)