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Ischemic stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide. Only one moderately effective therapy exists, albeit with contraindications that exclude 90% of the patients. This medical need contrasts with a high failure rate of more than 1,000 pre-clinical drug candidates for stroke therapies. Thus, there is a need for translatable mechanisms of(More)
In quantitative neuroanatomy and neuropathology, large neuronal systems are frequently analyzed on the basis of small tissue blocks thus assuming that the volume changes of the various compartments of the tissue block can be corrected by an overall factor. 228 blocks of cerebral cortex and white matter of the frontal lobe, thalamus, and striatum were(More)
We provide evidence that TWIK-related acid-sensitive potassium channel 1 (TASK1), a member of the family of two-pore domain potassium channels relevant for setting the resting membrane potential and balancing neuronal excitability that is expressed on T cells and neurons, is a key modulator of T cell immunity and neurodegeneration in autoimmune central(More)
We established a database of alternative splice forms (ASforms) for nine eukaryotic organisms. ASforms are defined by comparing high-scoring ESTs with mRNA sequences using BLAST, taking known exon-intron information (from the Ensembl database). Filtering programs compare the ends of each aligned sequence pair for deletions or insertions in the EST sequence,(More)
INTRODUCTION CD4+ T cells express K(2P)5.1 (TWIK-related acid-sensitive potassium channel 2 (TASK2); KCNK5), a member of the two-pore domain potassium channel family, which has been shown to influence T cell effector functions. Recently, it was shown that K(2P)5.1 is upregulated upon (autoimmune) T cell stimulation. The aim of this study was to correlate(More)
The power of a genome-wide disease association study depends critically upon the properties of the marker set used, particularly the number and physical spacing of markers, and the level of inter-marker association due to linkage disequilibrium. Extending our previously devised theoretical framework for the entropy-based selection of genetic markers, we(More)
Neuropathological changes following demyelination in multiple sclerosis (MS) lead to a reorganization of axolemmal channels that causes conduction changes including conduction failure. Pharmacological modulation of voltage-sensitive potassium channels (K(V)) has been found to improve conduction in experimentally induced demyelination and produces(More)
Tendon transfers to the extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) are often performed to augment wrist extension. This study was conducted to analyze how transfer of the extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU) to the ECRB affects the moment arms, force-generating capacity, and moment-generating capacity of the ECU over a range of wrist flexion-extension. A graphics-based(More)
Cytotoxic CD8(+) T cells are considered important effector cells contributing to neuronal damage in inflammatory and degenerative CNS disorders. Using time-lapse video microscopy and two-photon imaging in combination with whole-cell patch-clamp recordings, we here show that major histocompatibility class I (MHC I)-restricted neuronal antigen presentation(More)
Fresh volumes of the human telencephalon, cerebral cortex, diencephalon, and of the rhombencephalon including cerebellum were determined in a series of 10 normal specimens ranging in age from 63 to 176 days after conception. The volumetric growth of these parts shows a nonlinear dependence on age with a smaller increase during the 3d ontogenetic month and a(More)