Alexander Hapfelmeier

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BACKGROUND Clinical trials evaluating anti-CD20-mediated B-cell depletion in multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica (NMO) generated encouraging results. Our recent studies in the MS model experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) attributed clinical benefit to extinction of activated B-cells, but cautioned that depletion of naïve B-cells may(More)
In an interesting and quite exhaustive review on Random Forests (RF) methodology in bioinformatics Touw et al. address--among other topics--the problem of the detection of interactions between variables based on RF methodology. We feel that some important statistical concepts, such as 'interaction', 'conditional dependence' or 'correlation', are sometimes(More)
Cancer stem cell (CSC) based gene expression signatures are associated with prognosis in various tumour types and CSCs are suggested to be particularly drug resistant. The aim of our study was first, to determine the prognostic significance of CSC-related gene expression in residual tumour cells of neoadjuvant-treated gastric cancer (GC) patients. Second,(More)
BACKGROUND NOTCH signaling can exert oncogenic or tumor suppressive functions and can contribute to chemotherapy resistance in cancer. In this study, we aimed to clarify the clinicopathological significance and the prognostic and predictive value of NOTCH1 and NOTCH2 expression in gastric cancer (GC). METHODS NOTCH1 and NOTCH2 expression was determined(More)
BACKGROUND The frontal assessment battery (FAB) has been suggested as a useful tool in the differential diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) from Parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy with parkinsonism (MSA-P). However, the utility of the FAB in the differential diagnosis of PSP from frontotemporal dementia (FTD) phenotypes is(More)
Bacterial colonization of biliary stents is one of the driving forces behind sludge formation which may result in stent occlusion. Major focus of the study was to analyze the spectrum and number of microorganisms in relation to the indwelling time of stents and the risk factors for sludge formation. 343 stents were sonicated to optimize the bacterial(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate characteristics of critically ill patients with Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S. maltophilia) isolated from the respiratory tract, to identify risk factors for S. maltophilia-pneumonia and intensive care unit (ICU) mortality and to analyze antibiotic susceptibility of S. maltophilia. This was a retrospective(More)
Immunomodulatory therapies, targeting the immune checkpoint receptor-ligand complex PD-1/PD-L1 have shown promising results in early phase clinical trials in solid malignancies, including carcinomas of the head and neck. In this context, PD-L1 protein expression has been proposed as a potentially valuable predictive marker. In the present study, expression(More)
The problem of publication bias has long been discussed in research fields such as medicine. There is a consensus that publication bias is a reality and that solutions should be found to reduce it. In methodological computational research, including cancer informatics, publication bias may also be at work. The publication of negative research findings is(More)