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A growing number of international relations scholars argue that intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) promote peace. Existing approaches emphasize IGO membership as an important causal attribute of individual states, much like economic development and regime type. The authors draw up on social network analysis , arguing that conflicts between states are(More)
" Naming and shaming " is a popular strategy to enforce international human rights norms and laws+ Nongovernmental organizations, news media, and international organizations publicize countries' violations and urge reform+ Evidence that these spotlights are followed by improvements is anecdotal+ This article analyzes the relationship between global naming(More)
NADPH diaphorase has recently been discovered to be responsible for neuronal nitric oxide (NO) synthase activity in mammals. It thus serves as a histochemical marker for the localization of NO synthase in the nervous system. The histochemical technique was used to map out potential NO-producing neurones in the nervous system of the parasitic nematode,(More)
Taiwan Strait crisis, scholars and policymakers alike have become increasingly concerned about the territorial ambitions of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Gerald Segal, for example, described " an irredentist China with a boulder rather than just a chip on its shoulder. " 1 Most recently, a 2005 Pentagon report on Chinese military power expressed(More)
Counts of the number of myelinated axons in the nerves to slow-twitch soleus and fast-twitch plantaris muscles of 129 ReJ dy/dy dystrophic mice at 4, 15 and 24 weeks of age have shown statistically significant reductions when compared to normal values. In addition muscle fibre losses had occurred in both muscles at the earliest age point studied. There was(More)
Although many differences between age matched normal and dystrophic animals have been found, there have been few demonstrations of a time related quantitative change from normal to a characteristically dystrophic situation within the dystrophic strain itself. Here we report such a change-normal numbers of muscle fibres present in young dystrophic mice were(More)
Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy). Abstract and Keywords Interest groups often serve as intermediaries or brokers between formal decision-making institutions and organized subgroups of society.(More)