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OBJECTIVE We report on a patient with pituicytoma, i.e. a rare neoplasm of the neurohypophysis, with unusual anamnestic manifestation. CASE MATERIAL After a car accident, the patient suffered from severe persisting headaches. Diagnostic procedures revealed a minor visual impairment and restriction of the gonado- and somatotropic pituitary axis. MRI showed(More)
OBJECT Resective surgery is a safe and effective treatment of drug-resistant epilepsy. If surgery has failed reoperation after careful re-evaluation may be a reasonable option. This study was to summarise the risks and benefits of reoperation in patients with epilepsy. METHODS This is a retrospective single centre study comprising clinical data, long-term(More)
The aim of this work was to retrospectively study the long-term reliability of the common consensus endocrinological criteria for the assessment of postoperative remission of acromegaly. In 96 consecutive patients, surgical remission of acromegaly following transsphenoidal surgery was considered to be present when, without adjuvant treatment, 3 months(More)
Purinergic signalling plays a major role in intercellular communication between neurons and glial cells. Glial cells express metabotropic receptors for ATP and adenosine, the latter being activated after ATP cleavage through extracellular ecto-ATPase activity. Ionotropic receptors for extracellular ATP, so called P2X receptors, might contribute to(More)
The functional consequences of single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with episodic brain disorders such as epilepsy and depression are unclear. Allelic associations with generalized epilepsies have been reported for single nucleotide polymorphisms rs1883415 (ALDH5A1; succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase) and rs4906902 (GABRB3; GABAA β3), both of which(More)
P2X receptor function in the CNS is poorly understood, and currently available data are partly inconsistent. In the presented study, we investigated P2X3 receptors stably expressed in HEK293 cells. Non-stationary noise analysis of whole cell currents and rapid ATP application through flash photolysis allowed for assessing the single channel conductance (6.6(More)
Melanotic tumors of the nervous system show overlapping histological characteristics but differ substantially in their biological behavior. In order to achieve a better delineation of such tumors, we performed an in-depth molecular characterization. Eighteen melanocytomas, 12 melanomas, and 14 melanotic and 14 conventional schwannomas (control group) were(More)
PURPOSE Intracerebral vascular malformations including cavernous angiomas (CAs) and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are an important cause of chronic pharmacoresistant epilepsies. Little is known about the pathogenetic basis of epilepsy in patients with vascular malformations. Intracerebral deposits of iron-containing blood products have been generally(More)
OBJECTIVE Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the brain are a frequent and important cause of intracranial hemorrhage in young adults. Little is known about the molecular-genetic pathomechanisms underlying AVM development. Genes of the NOTCH family control the normal development of vessels and proper arteriovenous specification. Transgenic mice with(More)
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is frequently associated with mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS). Many etiologic aspects of TLE are still unresolved. Here, we aimed to analyze the presence of human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) DNA in distinct TLE pathologies. Nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in surgical tissue from 38 pharmaco-resistant TLE patients and 10(More)