Alexander Grote

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OBJECTIVE We report on a patient with pituicytoma, i.e. a rare neoplasm of the neurohypophysis, with unusual anamnestic manifestation. CASE MATERIAL After a car accident, the patient suffered from severe persisting headaches. Diagnostic procedures revealed a minor visual impairment and restriction of the gonado- and somatotropic pituitary axis. MRI showed(More)
P2X receptor function in the CNS is poorly understood, and currently available data are partly inconsistent. In the presented study, we investigated P2X3 receptors stably expressed in HEK293 cells. Non-stationary noise analysis of whole cell currents and rapid ATP application through flash photolysis allowed for assessing the single channel conductance (6.6(More)
OBJECT Resective surgery is a safe and effective treatment of drug-resistant epilepsy. If surgery has failed reoperation after careful re-evaluation may be a reasonable option. This study was to summarise the risks and benefits of reoperation in patients with epilepsy. METHODS This is a retrospective single centre study comprising clinical data, long-term(More)
PURPOSE Intracerebral vascular malformations including cavernous angiomas (CAs) and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are an important cause of chronic pharmacoresistant epilepsies. Little is known about the pathogenetic basis of epilepsy in patients with vascular malformations. Intracerebral deposits of iron-containing blood products have been generally(More)
The aim of this work was to retrospectively study the long-term reliability of the common consensus endocrinological criteria for the assessment of postoperative remission of acromegaly. In 96 consecutive patients, surgical remission of acromegaly following transsphenoidal surgery was considered to be present when, without adjuvant treatment, 3 months(More)
PURPOSE Data from animal models has nicely shown that inflammatory processes in the central nervous system (CNS) can modulate seizure frequency. However, a potential relationship between the modulation of seizure frequency and gene expression of key inflammatory factors in human epileptic tissue is still unresolved. Brain tissue from pharmacoresistant(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic inflammatory processes are important promotors of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) development. Based on human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) DNA detection in brain tissue from patients with TLE, an association of persistent viral infection with TLE has been discussed. Individual studies reported increased HHV-6 DNA in patients with clinical signs of(More)
Purinergic signalling plays a major role in intercellular communication between neurons and glial cells. Glial cells express metabotropic receptors for ATP and adenosine, the latter being activated after ATP cleavage through extracellular ecto-ATPase activity. Ionotropic receptors for extracellular ATP, so called P2X receptors, might contribute to(More)
Genetic determinants of cognition are poorly characterized, and their relationship to genes that confer risk for neurodevelopmental disease is unclear. Here we performed a systems-level analysis of genome-wide gene expression data to infer gene-regulatory networks conserved across species and brain regions. Two of these networks, M1 and M3, showed(More)
PURPOSE Low-grade neuroepithelial tumors are frequent neuropathological findings in patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsies. Little is known regarding epileptogenic mechanisms in this group of neoplasms with gangliogliomas (GG) as the most common entity. Presence of hemosiderin deposits in GG points to impairment of the blood-brain barrier (BBB).(More)