Alexander Grahn

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DNA translocation across the barriers of recipient cells is not well understood. Viral DNA delivery mechanisms offer an opportunity to obtain useful information in systems in which the process can be arrested to a number of stages. PRD1 is an icosahedral double-stranded (ds)DNA bacterial virus with an internal membrane. It is an atypical dsDNA phage, as any(More)
The lipid-containing bacteriophage PRD1 infects a variety of gram-negative cells by injecting its linear double-stranded DNA genome into the host cell cytoplasm, while the protein capsid is left outside. The virus membrane and several structural proteins are involved in phage DNA entry. In this work we identified a new infectivity protein of PRD1.(More)
Proteins of the VirB4 family are encoded by conjugative plasmids and by type IV secretion systems, which specify macromolecule export machineries related to conjugation systems. The central feature of VirB4 proteins is a nucleotide binding site. In this study, we asked whether members of the VirB4 protein family have similarities in their primary structures(More)
The ability to embed interactive three-dimensional (3D) models into electronic publications in portable document format (PDF) greatly enhances the accessibility of molecular structures. Here, we report advances in this procedure and discuss what is needed to develop this format into a truly useful tool for the structural biology community as well as for(More)
The double-stranded DNA bacteriophage PRD1 uses an IncP plasmid-encoded conjugal transfer complex as a receptor. Plasmid functions in the PRD1 life cycle are restricted to phage adsorption and DNA entry. A single phage structural protein, P2, located at the fivefold capsid vertices, is responsible for PRD1 attachment to its host. The purified recombinant(More)
IncP-type plasmids are broad-host-range conjugative plasmids. DNA translocation requires DNA transfer-replication functions and additional factors required for mating pair formation (Mpf). The Mpf system is located in the cell membranes and is responsible for DNA transport from the donor to the recipient. The Mpf complex acts as a receptor for IncP-specific(More)
IncP plasmid RP1 Tra regions are needed to assemble the receptor for lipid-containing double-stranded DNA bacteriophage PRD1 on the cell surface. Using radioactively labeled phage and electron microscopic techniques, we showed that the surfaces of Salmonella typhimurium(RP1) and Escherichia coli(RP1) cells contained approximately 50 and 20 PRD1 binding(More)
PRD1 is a broad-host-range virus that infects Escherichia coli cells. It has a linear double-stranded DNA genome that replicates by a protein-primed mechanism. The virus particle is composed of a protein coat enclosing a lipid membrane. On the basis of this structure, PRD1 is being used as a membrane biosynthesis and structure model. In this investigation,(More)
Bacteriophage PM2 is the only described member of the Corticoviridae family. It is an icosahedral dsDNA virus with a membrane residing underneath the protein coat. PM2 infects some gram-negative Pseudoalteromonas spp. In the present study, we mapped the viral promoters and showed that the PM2 genome consists of three operons. Four new virus genes were(More)
Virus-induced changes in cellular gene expression and host physiology have been studied extensively. Still, there are only a few analyses covering the entire viral replication cycle and whole-host gene pool expression at the resolution of a single gene. Here we report changes in Escherichia coli gene expression during bacteriophage PRD1 infection using(More)