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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health threat that increases risk of death due to cardiovascular complications, including left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Novel therapeutic targets are needed to design treatments to alleviate the cardiovascular burden of CKD. Previously, we demonstrated that circulating concentrations of fibroblast(More)
BACKGROUND Activation of fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR)-dependent signalling by FGF23 may contribute to the complex pathogenesis of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Pan FGFR blockade by PD173074 prevented development of LVH in the 5/6 nephrectomy rat model of CKD, but its ability to treat and reverse established(More)
Molecular imaging techniques such as single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) or positron emission tomography are promising tools for noninvasive diagnosis of acute allograft rejection (AR). Given the importance of renal transplantation and the limitation of available donors, detailed analysis of factors that affect transplant survival is(More)
The number of patients necessitating treatment for end-stage organ failure, and therefore, the number of allograft recipients, increases. Despite the introduction of new and effective immunosuppressive drugs, acute cellular graft rejection (AR) is still a major risk for graft survival. Hence, early detection and treatment of AR is crucial to limit the(More)
The number of patients with end-stage renal disease, and the number of kidney allograft recipients continuously increases. Episodes of acute cellular allograft rejection (AR) are a negative prognostic factor for long-term allograft survival, and its timely diagnosis is crucial for allograft function (1). At present, AR can only be definitely diagnosed by(More)
Borna disease is a sporadically occurring, progressive viral polioencephalomyelitis that primarily affects horses and sheep. The etiological agent, Borna disease virus (BDV), is an enveloped, single-stranded RNA virus that has been classified in the new virus family Bornaviridae within the order Mononegavirales. Serological evidence of BDV infection has(More)
Human organic cation transporter 2 (hOCT2) is involved in transport of many endogenous and exogenous organic cations, mainly in kidney and brain cells. Because the quaternary structure of transmembrane proteins plays an essential role for their cellular trafficking and function, we investigated whether hOCT2 forms oligomeric complexes, and if so, which part(More)
As basophils are the major effector cells of allergic reactions, confirmation of the allergic etiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was sought by the demonstration of a specific in vitro response of equine basophilic blood cells to some potential allergens (Aspergillus, Cladosporidium, Mucor, Penicillium, extracts of dust particles of hay(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The endothelial glycocalyx (eGC), a mesh of anionic biopolymers covering the luminal surface of endothelial cells, is considered as an intravascular compartment that protects the vessel wall against pathogenic insults in cardiovascular disease. We hypothesized that chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with reduced eGC(More)
BACKGROUND Kidney transplantation (RTx) leads to amelioration of endothelial function in patients with advanced renal failure. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) may play a key role in this repair process. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of RTx and immunosuppressive therapy on the number of circulating EPCs. METHODS We analyzed 52 RTx(More)