Alexander Grünberger

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The activity of bacteriophages and phage-related mobile elements is a major source for genome rearrangements and genetic instability of their bacterial hosts. The genome of the industrial amino acid producer Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032 contains three prophages (CGP1, CGP2, and CGP3) of so far unknown functionality. Several phage genes are(More)
Enzymes initiating the biosynthesis of cellular building blocks are frequently inhibited by the end-product of the respective pathway. Here we present an approach to rapidly generate sets of enzymes overriding this control. It is based on the in vivo detection of the desired end-product in single cells using a genetically encoded sensor. The sensor(More)
The detection and quantification of specific metabolites in single bacterial cells is a major goal for industrial biotechnology. We have developed a biosensor based on the transcriptional regulator Lrp that detects intracellular l-methionine and branched-chain amino acids in Corynebacterium glutamicum. In assays, fluorescence output showed a linear(More)
In a former study we showed that Corynebacterium glutamicum grows much faster in defined CGXII glucose medium when growth was initiated in highly diluted environments [Grünberger et al. (2013b) Biotechnol Bioeng]. Here we studied the batch growth of C. glutamicum in CGXII at a comparable low starting biomass concentration of OD ≈ 0.005 in more detail.(More)
In the continuously growing field of industrial biotechnology the scale-up from lab to industrial scale is still a major hurdle to develop competitive bioprocesses. During scale-up the productivity of single cells might be affected by bioreactor inhomogeneity and population heterogeneity. Currently, these complex interactions are difficult to investigate.(More)
The majority of biotechnologically relevant metabolites do not impart a conspicuous phenotype to the producing cell. Consequently, the analysis of microbial metabolite production is still dominated by bulk techniques, which may obscure significant variation at the single-cell level. In this study, we have applied the recently developed Lrp-biosensor for(More)
We describe genetically encoded sensors which transmit elevated cytosolic concentrations of O-acetyl serine (OAS) and O-acetyl homoserine (OAH)-intermediates of l-cysteine and l-methionine synthesis-into an optical output. The sensor pSenOAS3 elicits 7.5-fold-increased fluorescence in cultures of a Corynebacterium glutamicum strain that excrete l-cysteine.(More)
Cell-to-cell heterogeneity in microbial biotechnological processes caused by biological (intrinsic) and environmental (extrinsic) fluctuations can have a severe impact on productivity. However, as yet little is known about the complex interplay between environmental reactor dynamics and cellular activity. A few years ago, innovative microfluidic systems(More)
Cell-to-cell heterogeneity typically evolves due to a manifold of biological and environmental factors and special phenotypes are often relevant for the fate of the whole population but challenging to detect during conventional analysis. We demonstrate a microfluidic single-cell cultivation platform that incorporates several hundred growth chambers, in(More)
The genome of the Gram-positive soil bacterium Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032 contains three integrated prophage elements (CGP1 to -3). Recently, it was shown that the large lysogenic prophage CGP3 (∼187 kbp) is excised spontaneously in a small number of cells. In this study, we provide evidence that a spontaneously induced SOS response is partly(More)