Alexander Golks

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Apoptosis or programmed cell death is a common property of multicellular organisms (Danial and Korsmeyer, 2004; Krammer, 2000). It can be triggered by a number of factors, including UVor γ-irradiation, chemotherapeutic drugs or signaling by death receptors (DR). The DR family is part of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily (Bhardwaj and Aggarwal,(More)
Caspases, a family of cysteine proteases, play a central role in apoptosis. During the last decade, major progress has been made to further understand caspase structure and function, providing a unique basis for drug design. This Review gives an overview of caspases and their classification, structure, and substrate specificity. We also describe the current(More)
c-FLIPs (c-FLICE inhibitory proteins) play an essential role in regulation of death receptor-induced apoptosis. Multiple splice variants of c-FLIP have been described on the mRNA level; so far only two of them, c-FLIP(L) and c-FLIP(S,) had been found to be expressed at the protein level. In this report, we reveal the endogenous expression of a third isoform(More)
The intracellular modification of proteins by the addition of a single O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) molecule is a ubiquitous post-translational modification in eukaryotic cells. It is catalysed by O-linked N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase, which attaches O-GlcNAc to serine/threonine residues, and it is counter-regulated by(More)
Recently we generated a mathematical model (Bentele, M., Lavrik, I., Ulrich, M., Stosser, S., Heermann, D. W., Kalthoff, H., Krammer, P. H., and Eils, R. (2004) J. Cell Biol. 166, 839-851) of signaling in CD95(Fas/APO-1)-mediated apoptosis. Mathematical modeling in combination with experimental data provided new insights into CD95-mediated apoptosis and(More)
JEM © The Rockefeller University Press $8.00 Vol. 203, No. 5, May 15, 2006 1295–1305 1295 c-FLIP is a well-described inhibitor of death receptor–mediated apoptosis (1). At the mRNA level, it can be found in multiple splice variants, whereas at the protein level only three isoforms, c-FLIPL, c-FLIPS, and c-FLIPR, have(More)
Suramin is a polysulfonated derivative of urea and has been widely used both to treat infections and as a chemotherapeutic drug. Suramin has been shown to inhibit growth factor signaling pathways; however, its effect on apoptosis is unknown. Here we show that suramin inhibits apoptosis induced through death receptors in hepatoma and lymphoma cells. It also(More)
Stimulation of CD95 (APO-1/Fas) by its natural ligand CD95L (APO-1L/FasL) leads to the formation of the death-inducing signaling complex. Here we report that upon CD95 stimulation in several T and B cell lines, a novel signaling complex is formed, which we term complex II. Complex II is composed of the death effector domain proteins as follows:(More)
Caspase-2 was reported to be involved in a number of apoptotic pathways triggered by various stimuli. However, the molecular mechanism of procaspase-2 activation in the course of apoptosis remains poorly defined. In this report, we demonstrate that procaspase-2 is recruited to the CD95 (Fas/APO-1) death-inducing signaling complex (DISC) in human T- and(More)
Formation of the CD95 (APO-1/Fas) death inducing signaling complex (DISC) plays a central role in CD95 signaling. Previously, CD95 DISC composition was analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and four major cytotoxicity-associated proteins (CAP1-4) were found. CAP1 and CAP2 were defined to be unmodified and phosphorylated FADD, respectively. CAP4(More)