Alexander Gigler

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Confocal Raman spectroscopy is a noninvasive alternative to established cell imaging methods because it does not require chemical fixation, the use of fluorescent markers, or genetic engineering. In particular, single live-cell, high-resolution imaging by confocal Raman microscopy is desirable because it allows further experiments concerning the(More)
A critical bottleneck for the widespread use of single layer graphene is the absence of a facile method of chemical modification which does not diminish the outstanding properties of the two-dimensional sp(2) network. Here, we report on the direct chemical modification of graphene by photopolymerization with styrene. We demonstrate that photopolymerization(More)
Two different straightforward synthetic approaches are presented to fabricate long-range-ordered monolayers of a covalent organic framework (COF) on an inert, catalytically inactive graphite surface. Boronic acid condensation (dehydration) is employed as the polymerization reaction. In the first approach, the monomer is prepolymerized by a mere thermal(More)
Scanning probe imaging in a shear force mode allows for the characterization of in-plane surface properties. In a standard AFM, shear force imaging can be realized by the torsional resonance mode. In order to investigate the imaging conditions on mineral surfaces, a torsional resonance mode atomic force microscope was operated in amplitude (AM) and(More)
Diagnosis of tumor and definition of tumor borders intraoperatively using fast histopathology is often not sufficiently informative primarily due to tissue architecture alteration during sample preparation step. Confocal laser microscopy (CLE) provides microscopic information of tissue in real-time on cellular and subcellular levels, where tissue(More)
The ferrimagnetic mineral magnetite Fe3O4 is biomineralized by magnetotactic microorganisms and a diverse range of animals. Here we demonstrate that confocal Raman microscopy can be used to visualize chains of magnetite crystals in magnetotactic bacteria, even though magnetite is a poor Raman scatterer and in bacteria occurs in typical grain sizes of only(More)
Surface coatings modify the interaction between microparticles and surfaces. To analyze the effect of a PLL-g-PEG surface coating on the sticktion of a microparticle, we analyzed the torsional Brownian fluctuations of a colloidal probe attached to an atomic force microscope (AFM) cantilever. Results obtained with uncoated surfaces indicate that the(More)
We map a nanoindent in a silicon carbide (SiC) crystal by infrared (IR) scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscopy (s-SNOM) and confocal Raman microscopy and interpret the resulting images in terms of local residual stress-fields. By comparing near-field IR and confocal Raman images, we find that the stress-induced shifts of the longitudinal(More)
Skin protects the body from pathogens and degradation. Mummified skin in particular is extremely resistant to decomposition. External influences or the action of micro-organisms, however, can degrade the connective tissue and lay the subjacent tissue open. To determine the degree of tissue preservation in mummified human skin and, in particular, the reason(More)