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Studies of the interactions of vertebrates, viruses and arthropod vectors of these viruses were monitored in terms of different ecological groups of viruses transmitted by mosquitoes and ticks in Northern Eurasia in an area encompassing more than 15 million km2. About 90 viruses were isolated, including 24 new to science. Newly recognized infections of(More)
Five overlapping cDNA fragments of hepatitis C virus (HCV) isolate 274933RU, obtained by RT-PCR, were amplified and cloned. Complete nucleotide RNA sequence has been determined. The genomic organization of 274933RU was, from 5' to 3' terminals, 5' UTR (341 nt), polyprotein ORF (9033 nt), 3' UTR (40 nt except for the poly(U-UC) and polypyrimidine stretch),(More)
Fifty-four strains of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus were isolated from wild birds in the ecosystems of northern Eurasia and from poultry in the south of western Siberia (July 2005), at the mouth of Volga River (November 2005), at Uvs-Nur Lake on the boundary of the Great Lakes Depression in western Mongolia and the Tyva Republic of(More)
The F gene fragment of 79 Newcastle disease virus (NDV) strains isolated from domestic and synanthropic birds in Kazakhstan, Kirghizia, Ukraine, and Russia in 1993 to 2007 was comparatively analyzed. Phylogenetic analysis of test isolates and reference NDV strains obtained from the GenBank was carried out by polymerase chain reaction with subsequent(More)
The genome of the NDV strain Sterna/Astrakhan/2755/2001 isolated from a wild bird of the Volga River delta in 2001 was completely sequenced. The phylogenetic analysis of the strain investigated and other NDV strains clearly demonstrated that Sterna/Astrakhan/2755/ 2001 belonged to the lineage 5b. Comparative analysis of molecular genetic markers of(More)
The paper presents the results of the 2003 and 2006 environmental virological monitoring surveys on the Malyi Zhemchuzhnyi Island where a large breeding colony of sea gull (Laridae) is located. In the past several years, expansion of cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbo) has enhanced the intensity of populational interactions. The investigators isolated 13(More)
For the first time, the Karshi virus complete genome sequence has been determined and analyzed in this work. The Karshi virus was attributed to the Tick-borne encephalitis group on the basis of phylogenetic analysis of polyprotein sequencing, as well as partial NS5 of the Flavivirus genus. Comprehensive analysis of the longed to its own cluster, which(More)
The complete nucleotide sequences for 6 strains of the West Nile fever virus were determined. For the first time the complete nucleotide sequences of the Indian isolate and Krsn190 strain, that is the most far phylogenetically from all isolates known at present time were established. The scheme for separation of virus variants into 4 groups and criteria for(More)
The DNA sequences of genes 9, 10, 11, 12, and wac, which encode the structural proteins in the bacteriophage T4 base plate, were determined. These genes form a single operon which is transcribed in a clockwise direction from a single late promoter in the TATAAATA region located upstream of gene 9 at position -10. A feature of the operon is an overlap(More)