Alexander G Kvashnin

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Hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), a layered material similar to graphite, is a promising dielectric. Monolayer h-BN, so-called "white graphene", has been isolated from bulk BN and could be useful as a complementary two-dimensional dielectric substrate for graphene electronics. Here we report the large area synthesis of h-BN films consisting of two to five(More)
We report theoretical analysis of the electronic flexoelectric effect associated with nanostructures of sp(2) carbon (curved graphene). Through the density functional theory calculations, we establish the universality of the linear dependence of flexoelectric atomic dipole moments on local curvature in various carbon networks (carbon nanotubes, fullerenes(More)
We explore how a few-layer graphene can undergo phase transformation into thin diamond film under reduced or no pressure, if the process is facilitated by hydrogenation of the surfaces. Such a "chemically induced phase transition" is inherently nanoscale phenomenon, when the surface conditions directly affect thermodynamics, and the transition pressure(More)
Results based on ab initio density functional calculations indicate that cubic diamond, boron nitride, and many other cubic structures including rocksalt share a general graphitization tendency in ultrathin films terminated by close-packed (111) surfaces. Whereas such compounds often show an energy preference for cubic rather than layered atomic(More)
Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 4 Kosigina Street, Moscow, 119334, Russian Federation, Siberian Federal UniVersity, 79 SVobodny AVenue, Krasnoyarsk, 660041 Russian Federation, Department of Mechanical Engineering & Material Science and Department of Chemistry, Rice UniVersity, Houston, Texas 77251, United States,(More)
We applied the ab initio approach to evaluate the stability and physical properties of the nanometer-thickness NaCl layered films and found that the rock salt films with a (111) surface become unstable with thickness below 1 nm and spontaneously split to graphitic-like films for reducing the electrostatic energy penalty. The observed sodium chloride(More)
We investigate the properties of potentially the stiffest quasi-2-D films with lonsdaleite structure. Using a combination of ab initio and empirical potential approaches, we analyze the elastic properties of lonsdaleite films in both elastic and inelastic regimes and compare them with graphene and diamond films. We review possible fabrication methods of(More)
We present a theoretical study of current-voltage characteristics of different junctions of graphene nanoribbons. We considered isolated Y- and T-junctions of graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) with various geometry parameters and a graphene Y-junction in the graphane sheet. Our ab initio calculations based on the nonequilibrium Green's functions formalism(More)
On the basis of ab initio density functional calculations, we performed a comprehensive investigation of the general graphitization tendency in rocksalt-type structures. In this paper, we determine the critical slab thickness for a range of ionic cubic crystal systems, below which a spontaneous conversion from a cubic to a layered graphitic-like structure(More)
Nitrides, carbides, and borides of transition metals are an attractive class of hard materials. Our recent preliminary explorations of the binary chemical compounds indicated that chromium-based materials are among the hardest transition metal compounds. Motivated by this, here we explore in detail the binary Cr-B, Cr-C, and Cr-N systems using global(More)