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BACKGROUND We sought to systematically combine the evidence on efficacy of disease management programs (DMPs) in the treatment of congestive heart failure (CHF), to identify and explain heterogeneity of results from prior studies of DMPs, and to assess potential publication bias from these studies. METHODS AND RESULTS We conducted a systematic literature(More)
PURPOSE To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of published data to determine the diagnostic utility of adrenal fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) for distinguishing benign from malignant adrenal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS Data on FDG PET assessment in MEDLINE and other electronic databases (from(More)
BACKGROUND It is unclear whether an evaluation incorporating coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) is more effective than standard evaluation in the emergency department in patients with symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndromes. METHODS In this multicenter trial, we randomly assigned patients 40 to 74 years of age with symptoms(More)
OBJECTIVES For economic evaluations of chronic heart failure (CHF) management strategies, utilities are not currently available for disease proxies commonly used in Markov models. Our objective was to estimate utilities for New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification and number of cardiovascular rehospitalizations. METHODS EuroQol 5D data from the(More)
Although 64-slice multidetector coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) has been reported to have excellent test characteristics for the detection of significant coronary artery disease, current analytic approaches may not appropriately reflect the process of clinical decision making. Thirty-seven patients (29 men; mean age 63 +/- 11 years) who(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary computed tomographic angiography (cCTA) allows rapid, noninvasive exclusion of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). However, concern exists whether implementation of cCTA in the assessment of patients presenting to the emergency department with acute chest pain will lead to increased downstream testing and costs compared with(More)
The Institute for Clinical and Economic Review (ICER) provides independent evaluation of the clinical effectiveness and comparative value of new and emerging technologies. ICER assessments are developed by faculty and staff at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, in collaboration with other Harvard research departments and with(More)
OBJECTIVE Uncertainty exists as to whether coronary CT angiography (CTA) compared with standard of care (SOC) is more effective and efficient in the triage of low-risk emergency department (ED) patients with acute chest pain. Our objective was to construct a simulation model to estimate clinical and economic outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS We constructed(More)
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a critical public health issue with increasing effect on the healthcare budgets of developed countries. Various decision-analytic modelling approaches exist to estimate the cost effectiveness of health technologies for CHF. We sought to systematically identify these models and describe their structures. We performed a(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to compare the predictive value, clinical effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)-screening in addition to traditional risk factor screening in apparently healthy persons as a means of preventing coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS The systematic review was(More)