Alexander Fuernkranz

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BACKGROUND Current guidelines recommend pulmonary-vein isolation by means of catheter ablation as treatment for drug-refractory paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Radiofrequency ablation is the most common method, and cryoballoon ablation is the second most frequently used technology. METHODS We conducted a multicenter, randomized trial to determine whether(More)
AIMS Cryothermal energy (CTE) ablation via a balloon catheter (Arctic Front, Cryocath) represents a novel technology for pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). However, balloon-based PVI approaches are associated with phrenic nerve palsy (PNP). We investigated whether 'single big cryoballoon'-deployed CTE lesions can (i) achieve acute electrical PVI without left(More)
BACKGROUND Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) naturally progresses toward chronic AF at an estimated rate of 15% to 30% over a 1- to 3-year period. Pulmonary vein (PV) isolation is increasingly performed for the treatment of drug-refractory paroxysmal AF. The long-term data on clinical outcome after circumferential PV isolation are limited. METHODS AND(More)
OBJECTIVE Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) by lipid-lowering fibrates and insulin-sensitizing thiazolidinediones inhibits vascular inflammation, atherosclerosis, and restenosis. Here we investigate if the vasculoprotective and anti-inflammatory enzyme heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is regulated by PPAR ligands in vascular cells. (More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in heme degradation, protects against oxidative stress, and shows potent anti-inflammatory effects. Oxidized phospholipids, which are generated during inflammation and apoptosis, modulate the inflammatory response by inducing the expression of several genes including HO-1. Here we investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND The second-generation cryoballoon (CB2) has recently been introduced featuring improved surface cooling. Increased procedural efficacy of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) when compared to the first-generation balloon (CB1) has been reported. The aim of the study was to investigate the clinical outcome of cryoballoon PVI after 1 year using the CB2(More)
INTRODUCTION The cryoballoon technology has the potential to isolate a pulmonary vein (PV) with a single energy application. However, using the first-generation cryoballoon (CB-1G) repeated freezing or additional focal ablation is often necessary. The novel second-generation cryoballoon (CB-2G) features a widened zone of optimal cooling comprising the whole(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary vein isolation using the cryoballoon technique (CB-PVI) has evolved into a simple and safe alternative for point-by-point radiofrequency ablation. Systematic analysis of conduction recovery occurring after CB-PVI and causing recurrent atrial fibrillation has not yet been performed. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to analyze(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia and has been identified as an independent risk factor for stroke. Prevention of thromboembolic events has been based on oral anticoagulation (OAC) using Vitamin K antagonists (VKA). However, long-term OAC medication is limited by an increased bleeding risk and a low patient compliance.(More)
Pulmonary vein isolation using a cryoballoon has evolved into a relatively simple alternative for point-by-point radiofrequency ablation because this technology theoretically allows for PV isolation with a single application. Recent clinical studies indicate a high efficacy rate of the procedure; however, the incidence of the most common(More)