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Translating prepositions is a difficult and under-studied problem in SMT. We present a novel method to improve the translation of prepositions by using noun classes to model their selec-tional preferences. We compare three variants of noun class information: (i) classes induced from the lexical resource GermaNet or obtained from clusterings based on either(More)
Two patients with genetically confirmed spinocerebellar ataxia type 7 (SCA7) presented with progressive visual loss. Examination disclosed substantial visual acuity loss, central scotomas, and marked dyschromatopsia. Ophthalmoscopic abnormalities were subtle, with only mild retinal artery attenuation and minimal foveal region pigmentary abnormalities. Both(More)
Patients with optic ataxia, a deficit in visually guided action, paradoxically improve when pantomiming an action towards memorized stimuli. Visual form agnosic patient D.F. shows the exact opposite pattern of results: although being able to grasp objects in real-time she loses grip scaling when grasping an object from memory. Here we explored the(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify risk factors for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) in men. DESIGN Case-control study. A 96-item telephone questionnaire, answered retrospectively, with cases recalling at the age of their diagnosis and controls recalling at the age of their corresponding case's diagnosis. SETTING Outpatient clinics in two US tertiary care(More)
Recent analyses have shown that significant changes have occurred in patterns of sea ice seasonality in West Antarctica since 1979, with wide-ranging climatic, biological and biogeochemical consequences. Here, we provide the first detailed report on long-term change and variability in annual timings of sea ice advance, retreat and resultant ice season(More)
The paper presents an approach to morphological compound splitting that takes the degree of compositionality into account. We apply our approach to German noun compounds and particle verbs within a German–English SMT system, and study the effect of only splitting compositional compounds as opposed to an aggressive splitting. A qualitative study explores the(More)
We present a translation system that models the selection of prepositions in a target-side generation component. This novel approach allows the modeling of all subcategorized elements of a verb as either NPs or PPs according to target-side requirements relying on source and target side features. The BLEU scores are encouraging, but fail to surpass the(More)
OBJECTIVE People with epilepsy (PWE) have an increased fracture risk, independent of seizures. Antiepileptic drugs are thought to increase this risk, particularly those that induce the hepatic cytochrome P450 enzyme system. We aimed to determine whether PWE treated with enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs (EIAEDs) have decreased bone mineral density (BMD),(More)