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Renal impairment is common in patients after liver transplantation and is attributable in large part to the use of calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)-based immunosuppression. We sought to determine whether conversion to sirolimus-based immunosuppression was associated with improved renal function. In a single-center, randomized, controlled trial, 30 patients at(More)
The value of injection sclerotherapy in the management of active gastric variceal bleeding is unclear. A retrospective study was therefore performed of 46 episodes of acute variceal haemorrhage in 41 patients who were treated by endoscopic sclerotherapy. The site of gastric variceal haemorrhage was the lesser curve (Group 1) in 13, within a hiatus hernia(More)
BACKGROUND Prediction of short-term survival probability is important in the selection and allocation of patients for liver transplantation, and the Mayo End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score has been used in these contexts. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a model for estimation of short-term prognosis of patients selected for elective(More)
Liver involvement in systemic amyloidosis is frequent but is rarely of clinical importance. Five patients with severe cholestatic jaundice are described and an additional 20 from published reports are reviewed. The most frequent presenting symptoms were lethargy and abdominal pain, which were present for a median of 11 months before the onset of jaundice.(More)
BACKGROUND When administered early after an overdose of acetaminophen, intravenous acetylcysteine prevents hepatic necrosis by replenishing reduced stores of glutathione. How acetylcysteine improves the survival of patients with established liver damage induced by acetaminophen, however, is unknown. This study was undertaken to determine whether the(More)
A controlled trial of 44 patients was undertaken to evaluate the use of dexamethasone (32 mg stat, 8 mg qds) in preventing, and intravenous mannitol (1 g/kg) in reversing the cerebral oedema of fulminant hepatic failure. Diagnosis of cerebral oedema was based on intracranial pressure recordings or the presence of defined clinical signs. Cerebral oedema(More)
Raised intracranial pressure due to cerebral oedema is a major cause of death in fulminant hepatic failure and in the present study we have carried out a controlled clinical trial of continuous hyperventilation in the prevention of this complication. Twenty patients were electively hyperventilated to maintain PaCO2 between 3.5 and 5 kPa. In the other 35(More)
The aim of this study was to compare prospectively a breath-hold projection magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) technique with diagnostic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Seventy-six patients with suspected strictures or choledocholithiasis were referred for MRCP and subsequent ERCP examination, which were performed(More)
One hundred thirty-seven patients with fulminant hepatic failure were entered into two controlled trials of charcoal hemoperfusion carried out concurrently. In trial A, 75 patients with grade 3 encephalopathy were randomized to receive 5 or 10 h of hemoperfusion daily. Overall survival rates for the two groups were similar (51.3% vs. 50.0%) as was the(More)