Alexander E. S. Gimson

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We hypothesized that inadequate oxygenation of peripheral tissues may be unrecognized in critically ill patients and may worsen their prognosis. To test this hypothesis, we measured oxygen delivery to tissues, oxygen uptake, and the extraction ratio (uptake/delivery) before and during a 30-minute infusion of a vasodilator, prostacyclin (5 ng per kilogram of(More)
BACKGROUND The increasing shortfall between the number of patients who would benefit from liver transplantation and the availability of donor livers means that rationing has to occur. The processes of selection of patients for transplantation and for allocation of donor livers should be done according to ethical and, where possible, evidence-based criteria(More)
Twenty two patients (19 females) with focal nodular hyperplasia were seen between 1973 and 1989. Five were children, and all the adults were aged under 42 years (median 33 years). Fourteen patients (64%) were symptomatic on presentation. Twelve of the 14 adult women had taken the oral contraceptive pill. Twelve patients, nine of whom were symptomatic,(More)
The aim of this study was to compare prospectively a breath-hold projection magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) technique with diagnostic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Seventy-six patients with suspected strictures or choledocholithiasis were referred for MRCP and subsequent ERCP examination, which were performed(More)
BACKGROUND Prediction of short-term survival probability is important in the selection and allocation of patients for liver transplantation, and the Mayo End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score has been used in these contexts. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a model for estimation of short-term prognosis of patients selected for elective(More)
A model that can accurately predict post-liver transplant mortality would be useful for clinical decision making, would help to provide patients with prognostic information, and would facilitate fair comparisons of surgical performance between transplant units. A systematic review of the literature was carried out to assess the quality of the studies that(More)
One hundred thirty-seven patients with fulminant hepatic failure were entered into two controlled trials of charcoal hemoperfusion carried out concurrently. In trial A, 75 patients with grade 3 encephalopathy were randomized to receive 5 or 10 h of hemoperfusion daily. Overall survival rates for the two groups were similar (51.3% vs. 50.0%) as was the(More)
The efficacy of prophylactic parenteral antibacterials, with or without selective decontamination of the digestive tract, was compared in patients with acute liver failure (ALF) or severe acetaminophen hepatotoxicity. One hundred eight patients were randomized on admission to receive intravenous ceftazidime and flucloxacillin, plus either oral and enteral(More)
The clinical, laboratory and histological features of 47 patients with what is defined as late onset hepatic failure are reviewed. Twenty-five of the patients were female and 22 male with a median age of 45 years. Hepatic dysfunction was severe as evidenced by the prolongation of prothrombin time (median = 32 sec, range = 17 to 120 sec). In only four cases(More)
BACKGROUND When administered early after an overdose of acetaminophen, intravenous acetylcysteine prevents hepatic necrosis by replenishing reduced stores of glutathione. How acetylcysteine improves the survival of patients with established liver damage induced by acetaminophen, however, is unknown. This study was undertaken to determine whether the(More)