Alexander E.E. Mertens

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The GTPases Rac and Cdc42 play a pivotal role in the establishment of cell polarity by stimulating biogenesis of tight junctions (TJs). In this study, we show that the Rac-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor Tiam1 (T-lymphoma invasion and metastasis) controls the cell polarity of epidermal keratinocytes. Similar to wild-type (WT) keratinocytes,(More)
BACKGROUND The establishment and maintenance of cell polarity is crucial for many biological functions and is regulated by conserved protein complexes. The Par polarity complex consisting of Par3, Par6, and PKCzeta, in conjunction with Tiam1-mediated Rac signaling, controls apical-basal cell polarity in contacting epithelial cells. Here we tested the(More)
Cell polarization is required for virtually all functions of T cells, including transendothelial migration in response to chemokines. However, the molecular pathways that establish T cell polarity are poorly understood. We show that the activation of the partitioning defective (Par) polarity complex is a key event during Rap1- and chemokine-induced T cell(More)
Increased LDL oxidation is associated with coronary artery disease. The predictive value of circulating oxidized LDL is additive to the Global Risk Assessment Score for cardiovascular risk prediction based on age, gender, total and HDL cholesterol, diabetes, hypertension, and smoking. Circulating oxidized LDL does not originate from extensive metal(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis is characterized by an early inflammatory response involving proinflammatory mediators such as platelet-activating factor (PAF)-like phospholipids, which are inactivated by PAF-acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH). The effect of adenovirus-mediated expression of PAF-AH on injury-induced neointima formation and spontaneous atherosclerosis was(More)
Atherosclerosis was studied in apolipoprotein E (apoE) knockout mice expressing human apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) or an apoA-I/apolipoprotein A-II (apoA-II) chimera in which the Arg123-Tyr166 central domain of apoA-I was substituted with the Ser12-Ala75 segment of apoA-II. High density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels were identical in apoA-I and(More)
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