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In the mammalian central nervous system, slow synaptic excitation involves the activation of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs). It has been proposed that C1-type transient receptor potential (TRPC1) channels underlie this synaptic excitation, but our analysis of TRPC1-deficient mice does not support this hypothesis. Here, we show unambiguously that(More)
Among the TRPC subfamily of TRP (classical transient receptor potential) channels, TRPC3, -6, and -7 are gated by signal transduction pathways that activate C-type phospholipases as well as by direct exposure to diacylglycerols. Since TRPC6 is highly expressed in pulmonary and vascular smooth muscle cells, it represents a likely molecular candidate for(More)
Muscles that are stretched during contraction (eccentric contractions) show deficits in force production and a variety of structural changes, including loss of antibody staining of cytoskeletal proteins. Extracellular Ca(2+) entry and activation of calpains have been proposed as mechanisms involved in these changes. The present study used isolated mouse(More)
In the present study, we demonstrated a significant reduction of B lymphocytes in the blood, spleen and bone marrow of BDNF deficient mice. The observed developmental block in bone marrow B cell development was linked specifically to the Pre-BII stage. B lymphocytes express the BDNF receptors p75NTR and TrkB(gp95), while no BDNF expression was found.(More)
Skeletal muscle contraction is reputed not to depend on extracellular Ca2+. Indeed, stricto sensu, excitation-contraction coupling does not necessitate entry of Ca2+. However, we previously observed that, during sustained activity (repeated contractions), entry of Ca2+ is needed to maintain force production. In the present study, we evaluated the possible(More)
The cellular proteins that underlie mechanosensation remain largely enigmatic in mammalian systems. Mechanically sensitive ion channels are thought to distinguish pressure, stretch, and other types of tactile signals in skin. Transient receptor potential canonical 1 (TRPC1) is a candidate mechanically sensitive channel that is expressed in primary afferent(More)
Lung vascular endothelial barrier disruption and the accompanying inflammation are primary pathogenic features of acute lung injury (ALI); however, the basis for the development of both remains unclear. Studies have shown that activation of transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels induces Ca(2+) entry, which is essential for increased(More)
— One of the fundamental demands on robotic systems is a safe interaction with their environment. For fulfilling that condition, both collisions with obstacles and the own structure have to be avoided. We address the problem of self-collisions and propose an algorithm for its avoidance which is based on artificial repulsion potential fields and applicable(More)
— The mobile humanoid Rollin'Justin is a versatile experimental platform for research in manipulation tasks. Previously, different state of the art control methods and first autonomous task execution scenarios have been demonstrated. In this video two new applications with challenging task requirements are presented. One is the catching of one or even two(More)
In contrast to other Classical Transient Receptor Potential TRPC channels the function of TRPC1 as an ion channel is a matter of debate, because it is often difficult to obtain substantial functional signals over background in response to over-expression of TRPC1 alone. Along these lines, heterologously expressed TRPC1 is poorly translocated to the plasma(More)