Alexander Dietrich

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We demonstrate that phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) in parsley (Petroselinum crispum) is encoded by a small family of at least four genes. The levels of mRNA from three identified PAL genes increase considerably upon treatment of cultured parsley cells with UV light or fungal elicitor and upon wounding of parsley leaves or roots. In cultured cells these(More)
Nephrotic syndrome, a malfunction of the kidney glomerular filter, leads to proteinuria, edema and, in steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome, end-stage kidney disease. Using positional cloning, we identified mutations in the phospholipase C epsilon gene (PLCE1) as causing early-onset nephrotic syndrome with end-stage kidney disease. Kidney histology of(More)
In the mammalian central nervous system, slow synaptic excitation involves the activation of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs). It has been proposed that C1-type transient receptor potential (TRPC1) channels underlie this synaptic excitation, but our analysis of TRPC1-deficient mice does not support this hypothesis. Here, we show unambiguously that(More)
Among the TRPC subfamily of TRP (classical transient receptor potential) channels, TRPC3, -6, and -7 are gated by signal transduction pathways that activate C-type phospholipases as well as by direct exposure to diacylglycerols. Since TRPC6 is highly expressed in pulmonary and vascular smooth muscle cells, it represents a likely molecular candidate for(More)
Among the “classical” or “canonical” transient receptor potential (TRPC) family, the TRPC3, -6, and -7 channels share 75% amino acid identity and are gated by exposure to diacylglycerol. TRPC3, TRPC6, and TRPC7 interact physically and coassemble to form functional tetrameric channels. This review focuses on the TRPC3/6/7 subfamily and describes their(More)
The mammalian transient receptor potential (TRP) superfamily of cation channels can be divided into six major families. Among them, the “classical” or “canonical” TRPC family is most closely related to Drosophila TRP, the founding member of the superfamily. All seven channels of this family designated TRPC1-7 share the common property of activation through(More)
The TRPC family of receptor-activated cation channels (TRPC channels) can be subdivided into four subfamilies based on sequence homology as well as functional similarities. Members of the TRPC3/6/7 subfamily share common biophysical characteristics and are activated by diacylglycerol in a membrane-delimited manner. At present, it is only poorly understood(More)
Cardiac atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) locally counteracts cardiac hypertrophy via the guanylyl cyclase-A (GC-A) receptor and cGMP production, but the downstream signalling pathways are unknown. Here, we examined the influence of ANP on β-adrenergic versus Angiotensin II (Ang II)-dependent (Gs vs. Gαq mediated) modulation of Ca2+ i-handling in(More)
Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV), also known as the von Euler-Liljestrand mechanism, is a physiological response to alveolar hypoxia which distributes pulmonary capillary blood flow to alveolar areas of high oxygen partial pressure. Impairment of this mechanism may result in hypoxaemia. Under conditions of chronic hypoxia generalised(More)
Smooth muscle cells (SMC) are essential components of many tissues of the body. Ion channels regulate their membrane potential, the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) and their contractility. Among the ion channels expressed in SMC cation channels of the transient receptor potential (TRP) superfamily allow the entry of Na(+), Ca(2+) and(More)