Alexander Diehl

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BACKGROUND This study focused on metabolic brain alterations in recently detoxified alcohol-dependent patients (S1) and their possible reversibility after 3 (S2) and 6 months (S3) of abstinence. METHODS Thirty-three alcohol-dependent patients and 30 healthy control subjects were studied with multislice proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (echo(More)
BACKGROUND Alcoholic brain damage has been demonstrated in numerous studies using neuropathology and brain imaging techniques. However, gender differences were addressed only in a few studies. Recent research has shown that development, course, and consequences of alcohol dependence may differ between female and male patients. Our investigation was built(More)
AIMS To compare the long-term effectiveness of acamprosate (ACP) and disulfiram (DSF) in the treatment of alcohol dependence and their effectiveness in regard to patient characteristics, within a naturalistic outpatient treatment setting. METHOD Retrospective data from 2002 to 2007 were analysed on 353 alcohol-dependent subjects in outpatient treatment,(More)
INTRODUCTION Oxcarbazepine (OXC), a derivative of Carbamazepine (CBZ), may represent a solution to metabolic and side effects of CBZ treatment due to the fact that renal excretion is its major route of elimination. The goal of the study is to compare the efficacy and tolerability of OXC/Tiaprid (TIA) combination therapy to the well established Clomethiazole(More)
Onset and course of alcohol dependence show gender related differences (telescoping effect) suggesting that women are more vulnerable to chronic alcohol consumption. This raises the question whether the differences are associated with a different treatment outcome as well. We hypothesized, that alcohol dependent women with a telescoping course show a less(More)
OBJECTIVE The atypical antipsychotic olanzapine has extensively been compared with haloperidol, whereas studies vs. other (conventional) neuroleptics are scarce. This exploratory double-blind 4-week study was designed to compare the efficacy and the safety of olanzapine (OLA) and flupenthixol (FLU) which have recently been considered as a "partially(More)
The aim of this work was to evaluate the relationship between the amount of alcohol consumption of a group of social drinkers and the magnetic resonance spectroscopy signal of choline-containing compounds (Cho) in the frontal lobe. Two independent long echo (TE = 135 ms) (1)H MRSI studies, the first comprising 24 subjects with very low alcohol consumption,(More)
INTRODUCTION The high morbidity and mortality caused by smoking highlights the importance of investigating new strategies for smoking cessation or reduction. Galantamine is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor that increases the effect of acetylcholine (ACh). The nicotinic ACh receptor is activated via positive allosteric modulation (APL). METHODS We(More)
PURPOSE Quetiapine is a novel antipsychotic, which is efficacious in the treatment of positive and negative symptoms in schizophrenia. Research has shown that atypical antipsychotic also reduce the craving and consumption for stimulants and alcohol. Due to Quetiapine's particulars and the promising receptor profile concerning addiction medicine, we set out(More)