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The aim of this work was to demonstrate the correspondence between a macroscopic 3D computer model of electrophysiology (i.e., the Aliev-Panfilov model) parametrized with MR data and experimental characterization of action potential propagation in large porcine hearts, ex vivo, using optical methods (based on voltage-sensitive fluorescence). A secondary(More)
There are four main problems that limit application of pattern recognition techniques for recognition of abnormal cardiac left ventricle (LV) wall motion: (1) Normalization of the LV's size, shape, intensity level and position; (2) defining a spatial correspondence between phases and subjects; (3) extracting features; (4) and discriminating abnormal from(More)
BACKGROUND Prospective assessment of pharmacogenetic strategies has been limited by an inability to undertake bedside genetic testing. The CYP2C19*2 allele is a common genetic variant associated with increased rates of major adverse events in individuals given clopidogrel after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We used a novel point-of-care genetic(More)
Reduced field-of-view (FOV) acceleration using time-adaptive sensitivity encoding (TSENSE) or unaliasing by Fourier encoding the overlaps using the temporal dimension (UNFOLD) can improve the depiction of motion in real-time MRI. However, increased computational resources are required to maintain a high frame rate and low latency in image reconstruction and(More)
BACKGROUND We tested the feasibility of targeted left ventricular (LV) mural injection using real-time MRI (rtMRI). METHODS AND RESULTS A 1.5T MRI scanner was customized with a fast reconstruction engine, transfemoral guiding catheter-receiver coil (GCC), MRI-compatible needle, and tableside consoles. Commercial real-time imaging software was customized(More)
Pathophysiological responses after acute myocardial infarction include edema, hemorrhage, and microvascular obstruction along with cellular damage. The in vivo evolution of these processes simultaneously throughout infarct healing has not been well characterized. The purpose of our study was to quantitatively monitor the time course of these mechanisms by(More)
BACKGROUND The local environment of delivered mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) may affect their ultimate phenotype. MR fluoroscopy has the potential to guide intramyocardial MSC injection to desirable targets, such as the border between infarcted and normal tissue. We tested the ability to (1) identify infarcts, (2) navigate injection catheters to preselected(More)
In this study undersampled projection reconstruction (PR) was used for rapid catheter imaging in the heart, employing steady-state free precession (SSFP) contrast. Active catheters and phased-array coils were used for combined imaging of anatomy and catheter position in swine. Real-time imaging of catheter position was performed with relatively high spatial(More)
BACKGROUND Endovascular recanalization (guidewire traversal) of peripheral artery chronic total occlusion (CTO) can be challenging. X-ray angiography resolves CTO poorly. Virtually "blind" device advancement during x-ray-guided interventions can lead to procedure failure, perforation, and hemorrhage. Alternatively, MRI may delineate the artery within the(More)