Alexander D Sorkin

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To identify proteins that participate in clathrin-mediated endocytosis of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), 13 endocytic proteins were depleted in HeLa cells using highly efficient small interfering RNAs that were designed using a novel selection algorithm. The effects of small interfering RNAs on the ligand-induced endocytosis of EGFR were(More)
This review article describes the pathways and mechanisms of endocytosis and post-endocytic sorting of the EGF receptor (EGFR/ErbB1) and other members of the ErbB family. Growth factor binding to EGFR accelerates its internalization through clathrin-coated pits which is followed by the efficient lysosomal targeting of internalized receptors and results in(More)
Ubiquitination of the EGF receptor (EGFR) is believed to play a critical role in regulating both its localization and its stability. To elucidate the role of EGFR ubiquitination, tandem mass spectrometry was used to identify six distinct lysine residues within the kinase domain of the EGFR, which can be conjugated to ubiquitin following growth factor(More)
The clathrin assembly lymphoid myeloid leukemia (CALM) gene encodes a putative homologue of the clathrin assembly synaptic protein AP180. Hence the biochemical properties, the subcellular localization, and the role in endocytosis of a CALM protein were studied. In vitro binding and coimmunoprecipitation demonstrated that the clathrin heavy chain is the(More)
Eps15, a phosphorylation substrate of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor kinase, has been shown to bind to the alpha-subunit of the clathrin-associated protein complex AP-2. Here we report that in cells, virtually all Eps15 interacts with the cytosol and membrane-bound forms of AP-2. This association is not affected by the treatment of cells with(More)
The epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor interacts with plasma membrane-associated adapter proteins during endocytosis through coated pits. Almost 50 percent of the total pool of alpha-adaptins was coimmunoprecipitated with the EGF receptor when A-431 cells were treated with EGF at 37 degrees C, but not at 4 degrees C. Partial proteolysis of alpha-adaptin(More)
The function of the dopamine transporter (DAT) to terminate dopamine neurotransmission is regulated by endocytic trafficking of DAT. To elucidate the mechanisms of DAT endocytosis, we generated a fully functional mutant of the human DAT in which a hemagglutinin epitope (HA) was incorporated into the second extracellular loop. The endocytosis assay, based on(More)
A chimera of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and green fluorescent protein (GFP) has been engineered by fusing GFP to the carboxyl terminus of EGFR. Data are provided to demonstrate that the GFP moiety does not affect the expected functioning of EGFR. EGFR-GFP becomes phosphorylated at tyrosine residues in response to EGF and is capable of(More)
Cell signalling and endocytic membrane trafficking have traditionally been viewed as distinct processes. Although our present understanding is incomplete and there are still great controversies, it is now recognized that these processes are intimately and bidirectionally linked in animal cells. Indeed, many recent examples illustrate how endocytosis(More)
The molecular mechanisms of clathrin-dependent internalization of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are not well understood and, in particular, the sequence motifs that mediate EGFR interactions with coated pits have not been mapped. We generated a panel of EGFR mutants and stably expressed these mutants in porcine aortic endothelial (PAE) cells.(More)