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We have used thermal and chemical denaturation to characterize the thermodynamics of unfolding for turkey ovomucoid third domain (OMTKY3). Thermal denaturation was monitored spectroscopically at a number of wave-lengths and data were subjected to van't Hoff analysis; at pH 2.0, the midpoint of denaturation (Tm) occurs at 58.6 +/- 0.4 degrees C and the(More)
An analysis of the thermodynamics of protein stability reveals a general tendency for proteins that denature at higher temperatures to have greater free energies of maximal stability. To a reasonable approximation, the temperature of maximal stability for the set of globular, water-soluble proteins surveyed by Robertson and Murphy occurs at T* approximately(More)
Graphene and other two-dimensional (2D) materials have emerged as promising materials for broadband and ultrafast photodetection and optical modulation. These optoelectronic capabilities can augment complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) devices for high-speed and low-power optical interconnects. Here, we demonstrate an on-chip ultrafast(More)
A-massecuite exhaustion can be substantially improved by boiling very high brix strikes. The resultant extra crystal content would normally cause mechanical problems in the crystallisers and centrifuges. However, practical tests have shown that this excess crystal can be easily removed by curing part of the massecuite at strike, and returning the undiluted(More)
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