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We present an algorithm to solve the two-dimensional Fredholm integral of the first kind with tensor product structure from a limited number of measurements, with the goal of using this method to speed up nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. This is done by incorporating compressive sensing–type arguments to fill in missing measurements, using a priori… (More)

We discuss approximation of functions using deep neural nets. Given a function f on a d-dimensional manifold Γ ⊂ R m , we construct a sparsely-connected depth-4 neural network and bound its error in approximating f. The size of the network depends on dimension and curvature of the manifold Γ, the complexity of f , in terms of its wavelet description, and… (More)

- Alexander Cloninger, Wojciech Czaja, John J Benedetto, Co-Chair, Kasso Okoudjou, Yuan Liao +11 others
- 2014

This thesis deals with two approaches to building efficient representations of data. The first is a study of compressive sensing and improved data acquisition. We outline the development of the theory, and proceed into its uses in matrix completion problems via convex optimization. The aim of this research is to prove that a general class of measurement… (More)

Non-linear manifold learning enables high-dimensional data analysis, but requires out-of-sample-extension methods to process new data points. In this paper, we propose a manifold learning algorithm based on deep learning to create an encoder, which maps a high-dimensional dataset and its low-dimensional embedding, and a decoder, which takes the embedded… (More)

Potential applications of 2D relaxation spectrum NMR and MRI to characterize complex water dynamics (e.g., compartmental exchange) in biology and other disciplines have increased in recent years. However, the large amount of data and long MR acquisition times required for conventional 2D MR relaxometry limits its applicability for in vivo preclinical and… (More)

We note that building a magnetic Laplacian from the Markov transition matrix, rather than the graph adjacency matrix, yields several benefits for the magnetic eigenmaps algorithm. The two largest benefits are that the embedding becomes more stable as a function of the rotation parameter g, and the principal eigenvector of the magnetic Laplacian now… (More)

Previous research has shown that neural networks can model survival data in situations in which some patients' death times are unknown, e.g. right-censored. However, neural networks have rarely been shown to outperform their linear counterparts such as the Cox proportional hazards model. In this paper, we run simulated experiments and use real survival data… (More)

The Hildreth's algorithm is a row action method for solving large systems of inequalities. This algorithm is efficient for problems with sparse matrices, as opposed to direct methods such as Gaussian elimination or QR-factorization. We apply the Hildreth's algorithm, as well as a randomized version, along with prioritized selection of the inequalities, to… (More)

In this paper, we build an organization of high-dimensional datasets that cannot be cleanly embedded into a low-dimensional representation due to missing entries and a subset of the features being irrelevant to modeling functions of interest. Our algorithm begins by defining coarse neighborhoods of the points and defining an expected empirical function… (More)

As new sensing modalities emerge and the presence of multiple sensors per platform becomes widespread, it is vital to develop new algorithms and techniques which can fuse this data. Many of previous attempts to deal with the problem of heterogeneous data integration for the applications in data classification were either highly data dependent or relied on… (More)