Alexander Carpinteiro

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B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) is a heterogenous disease with a highly variable clinical course and analysis of zeta-associated protein 70 (ZAP-70) and CD38 expression on B-CLL cells allowed for identification of patients with good (ZAP-70-CD38-) and poor (ZAP-70+CD38+) prognosis. DNA microarray technology was employed to compare eight(More)
Although chemotherapy is able to cure many patients with malignancies, it still also often fails. Therefore, novel approaches and targets for chemotherapeutic treatment of malignancies are urgently required. Recent studies demonstrated the expression of several potassium channels in the inner mitochondrial membrane. Among them the voltage gated potassium(More)
Previous studies indicated that signalling via CD95 and DR5 is greatly enhanced by the formation of ceramide-enriched membrane platforms. Here, we employed this concept to convert doses of subtherapeutic TRAIL that were unable to release ceramide and kill leukemic B-cells or ex vivo T lymphocytes, into a very effective apoptotic stimulus. Ceramide(More)
Recent studies indicate that distinct membrane microdomains, also named lipid rafts, and ceramide play an important role in infectious biology. Ceramide forms larger ceramide-enriched membrane platforms that are required for diverse signal transduction. In this study, we demonstrate that ceramide-enriched membrane platforms are critically involved in redox(More)
Ceramide has been shown by many studies to induce apoptosis. Therefore, upregulation of ceramide is discussed as a novel approach for tumor treatment. However, it is unknown whether overexpression of acid sphingomyelinase releasing ceramide from sphingomyelin sensitizes cells to chemotherapy and, thus, serves as a potential target to amplify chemotherapy.(More)
Metastatic dissemination of cancer cells is the ultimate hallmark of malignancy and accounts for approximately 90% of human cancer deaths. We investigated the role of acid sphingomyelinase (Asm) in the hematogenous metastasis of melanoma cells. Intravenous injection of B16F10 melanoma cells into wild-type mice resulted in multiple lung metastases, while(More)
Microarray-based gene expression profiling (GEP) was used to study how stroma modulates the survival of CLL cells in an in vitro coculture model employing the murine fibroblast cell line M2-10B4. CLL cells cultured in direct contact with the stromal layer (STR) showed a significantly better survival than cells cultured in transwell (TW) inserts above the(More)
Ceramide generated in the cell membrane has been shown to be central for the induction of apoptosis by death receptors and many stress stimuli such as gamma-irradiation, UV-light or infection with pathogens. Ceramide reorganizes cell membranes and forms large ceramide-enriched membrane domains that serve the spatial and temporal organization of the cellular(More)
Ceramide has been shown to be capable to trigger apoptosis in almost any cell, including tumor cells. Ceramide is generated by a de novo pathway or by sphingomyelinases. Sphingomyelinases hydrolyze sphingomyelin in biological membranes to release ceramide and they are named acid, neutral and alkaline sphingomyelinase depending on their maximum activity at(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative pathogen that causes severe infections in immunocompromised individuals and individuals with cystic fibrosis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Here we show that kinase suppressor of Ras-1 (Ksr1)-deficient mice are highly susceptible to pulmonary P. aeruginosa infection accompanied by uncontrolled(More)