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Recent studies indicate that distinct membrane microdomains, also named lipid rafts, and ceramide play an important role in infectious biology. Ceramide forms larger ceramide-enriched membrane platforms that are required for diverse signal transduction. In this study, we demonstrate that ceramide-enriched membrane platforms are critically involved in redox(More)
Previous studies indicated that signalling via CD95 and DR5 is greatly enhanced by the formation of ceramide-enriched membrane platforms. Here, we employed this concept to convert doses of subtherapeutic TRAIL that were unable to release ceramide and kill leukemic B-cells or ex vivo T lymphocytes, into a very effective apoptotic stimulus. Ceramide(More)
Metastatic dissemination of cancer cells is the ultimate hallmark of malignancy and accounts for approximately 90% of human cancer deaths. We investigated the role of acid sphingomyelinase (Asm) in the hematogenous metastasis of melanoma cells. Intravenous injection of B16F10 melanoma cells into wild-type mice resulted in multiple lung metastases, while(More)
Although chemotherapy is able to cure many patients with malignancies, it still also often fails. Therefore, novel approaches and targets for chemotherapeutic treatment of malignancies are urgently required. Recent studies demonstrated the expression of several potassium channels in the inner mitochondrial membrane. Among them the voltage gated potassium(More)
Ceramide generated in the cell membrane has been shown to be central for the induction of apoptosis by death receptors and many stress stimuli such as gamma-irradiation, UV-light or infection with pathogens. Ceramide reorganizes cell membranes and forms large ceramide-enriched membrane domains that serve the spatial and temporal organization of the cellular(More)
Ceramide has been shown to be capable to trigger apoptosis in almost any cell, including tumor cells. Ceramide is generated by a de novo pathway or by sphingomyelinases. Sphingomyelinases hydrolyze sphingomyelin in biological membranes to release ceramide and they are named acid, neutral and alkaline sphingomyelinase depending on their maximum activity at(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative pathogen that causes severe infections in immunocompromised individuals and individuals with cystic fibrosis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Here we show that kinase suppressor of Ras-1 (Ksr1)-deficient mice are highly susceptible to pulmonary P. aeruginosa infection accompanied by uncontrolled(More)
B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) is a heterogenous disease with a highly variable clinical course and analysis of zeta-associated protein 70 (ZAP-70) and CD38 expression on B-CLL cells allowed for identification of patients with good (ZAP-70-CD38-) and poor (ZAP-70+CD38+) prognosis. DNA microarray technology was employed to compare eight(More)
We explored the role of CD38 and functionally associated molecular risk factors in a recently described chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) nonobese diabetic/ severe combined immunodeficient xenograft model. Intravenous injection of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 73 patients with CLL into 244 mice resulted in robust engraftment of leukemic cells(More)
AIMS Pulmonary infections with Pseudomonas aeruginosa are a serious clinical problem and are often lethal. Because many strains of P. aeruginosa are resistant to antibiotics, therapeutic options are limited. Neutrophils play an important role in the host's early acute defense against pulmonary P. aeruginosa. Therefore, it is important to define the(More)