Alexander Carpenter

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Diabetes was induced in rats with equal molar dosages of either streptozotocin or alloxan. The clinical course of the diabetes (mortality, hyperglycemia, weight loss, polydipsia, hyperphagia, polyuria, glycosuria and diabetic indices) was recorded for six weeks before the animals were sacrificed for volumetric quantitation of the pancreatic islets. No(More)
BACKGROUND Implantable loop recorders (ILR) allow prolonged cardiac rhythm monitoring and improved diagnostic yield in syncope patients. Predictive factors for pacemaker (PM) implantation in the ILR population with unexplained syncope have not been adequately investigated. In this single center, retrospective, observational study we investigated factors(More)
The newest generation of smart-watches offer heart rate monitoring technology via photoplethysmography, a technology shown to demonstrate impressive ability in diagnosing arrhythmias including atrial fibrillation. Combining such technology with the portability, connectivity and other location and activity tracking features smart-watches could represent a(More)
BACKGROUND Assembly of heterologous metabolic pathways is commonly required to generate microbial cell factories for industrial production of both commodity chemicals (including biofuels) and high-value chemicals. Promoter-mediated transcriptional regulation coordinates the expression of the individual components of these heterologous pathways. Expression(More)
Kidney tissue of acceptable quality was available from autopsies of 55 patients who had been followed prospectively for 3 to 15 years as participants in the University Group Diabetes Program, a study of vascular disease in Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetic patients. Slides were prepared for light microscopic reading by uniform histologic techniques,(More)
BACKGROUND There is growing interest in detecting paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) to identify patients at high risk of thromboembolic stroke. The implantable loop recorder (ILR) is emerging as a powerful new tool in the diagnosis of PAF. Widespread implantation has significant cost implications and their use must be targeted at those patients at most(More)
Vagal atrial fibrillation (AF) remains an under-recognised entity, affecting younger patients often with structurally normal hearts. Although there remains no universal definition or diagnostic criteria, in this review we describe recognised triggers and associated features, including a well-established association with athletic training. We explore(More)
Both investigators had personally experienced situations when they were let down by emergency suctioning equipment on the wards: due to either lack of, or operator inability to use, equipment. Failings in emergency suction have been highlighted in a recent National Patient Safety Agency signal. We focused on improving the usability of cardiac arrest trolley(More)
A 14-year-old primigravid adolescent with abnormal triple-marker screen results at 18 weeks' gestation was found to have hyperechoic fetal bowel. Amniotic fluid culture was positive for cytomegalovirus. Serial ultrasonography demonstrated progressive lateral ventriculomegaly, intrauterine growth retardation, and hydrops fetalis; fetal death occurred at 32(More)