Alexander C van Huffelen

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Epilepsy surgery requires precise localization of the epileptic source. EEG-correlated functional MRI (EEG-fMRI) is a new technique showing the haemodynamic effects of interictal epileptiform activity. This study assesses its potential added value in the presurgical evaluation of patients with complex source localization. Adult surgical candidates(More)
BACKGROUND Inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) reduces the risk of cardiovascular problems in patients with chronic renal failure. This effect may be due in part to a decrease in sympathetic nervous activity, but no direct evidence of such an action is available. METHODS We studied muscle sympathetic-nerve activity in 14 patients with(More)
PURPOSE Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is often associated with intractable epilepsy. Although epilepsy surgery has gained interest in recent years uncertainties exist about which patients are good surgical candidates. A systematic review of the available literature has been undertaken to assess the overall outcome of epilepsy surgery and identify risk(More)
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is considered a useful tool for planning electrode placement for chronic intracranial subdural electrocorticography (ECoG) in candidates for epilepsy surgery or even as a substitute for ECoG. MEG recordings are usually interictal and therefore, at best, reflect the interictal ECoG. To estimate the clinical value of MEG, it is(More)
Magnetic source imaging is claimed to have a high accuracy in epileptic focus localization and may be a guide for epilepsy surgery. Non-lesional mesiotemporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE), the most common form of epilepsy operated on, has different etiologies, which may affect the choice of surgical approach. The authors compared whole-head magnetoencephalography(More)
Epileptiform spikes may have a different morphology and signal-to-noise ratio in simultaneously recorded EEGs and magnetoencephalograms (MEGs) that may lead to differences in the identification of spikes if both the modalities are presented separately. Moreover, there are no criteria for MEG spikes. It is unknown to which extent the visual assessment of MEG(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES To evaluate the diagnostic relevance of ipsilateral atrophy of the collateral white matter in the parahippocampal gyrus (ACWMp) and temporal lobe gray/white matter demarcation loss (GWDL) on magnetic resonance imaging in patients with histologically confirmed hippocampal sclerosis. In the second part of this investigation,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In patients with carotid artery occlusion (CAO), collateral flow may reduce the risk of ischemic stroke. Collateral flow via the ophthalmic artery (OphthA) and flow via leptomeningeal vessels have been considered secondary collaterals, which are recruited only if the primary collateral circulation via the circle of Willis is(More)
PURPOSE [18F]-Fluoro-d-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) is an expensive, invasive, and not widely available technique used in the presurgical evaluation of temporal lobe epilepsy. We assessed its added value to the decision-making process in relation to other commonly used tests. METHODS In a retrospective study of a large series of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the time course of recovery of severely abnormal initial amplitude integrated electroencephalographic (aEEG) patterns (flat trace (FT), continuous low voltage (CLV), or burst suppression (BS)) in full term asphyxiated neonates, in relation to other neurophysiological and neuroimaging findings and neurodevelopmental outcome. METHODS A(More)