Alexander C Jackson

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The precise subunit composition of synaptic ionotropic receptors in the brain is poorly understood. This information is of particular importance with regard to AMPA-type glutamate receptors, the multimeric complexes assembled from GluA1-A4 subunits, as the trafficking of these receptors into and out of synapses is proposed to depend upon the subunit(More)
The heat and capsaicin receptor, TRPV1, is required for the detection of painful heat by primary afferent pain fibers (nociceptors), but the extent to which functional TRPV1 channels are expressed in the CNS is debated. Because previous evidence is based primarily on indirect physiological responses to capsaicin, here we genetically modified the Trpv1 locus(More)
Ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs) underlie rapid, excitatory synaptic signaling throughout the CNS. After years of intense research, our picture of iGluRs has evolved from them being companionless in the postsynaptic membrane to them being the hub of dynamic supramolecular signaling complexes, interacting with an ever-expanding litany of other(More)
We studied acutely dissociated neurons from the dorsomedial (shell) region of the rat suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) with the aim of determining the ionic conductances that underlie spontaneous firing. Most isolated neurons were spontaneously active, firing rhythmically at an average frequency of 8 +/- 4 Hz. After application of TTX, oscillatory activity(More)
NPY and alphaMSH are expressed in distinct neurons in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus, where alphaMSH decreases and NPY increases food intake and body weight. Here we use patch-clamp electrophysiology from GFP-labeled POMC and NPY neurons to demonstrate that NPY strongly hyperpolarized POMC neurons through the Y1R-mediated activation of GIRK(More)
In the cerebellar cortex, parallel fiber-to-stellate cell (PF-SC) synapses exhibit a form of synaptic plasticity manifested as a switch in the subunit composition of synaptic AMPA receptors (AMPARs) from calcium-permeable, GluA2-lacking to calcium-impermeable, GluA2-containing receptors. Here, we examine the role of stargazin (γ-2), canonical member of the(More)
The properties of synaptic AMPA receptors (AMPARs) depend on their subunit composition and association with transmembrane AMPAR regulatory proteins (TARPs). Although both GluA2 incorporation and TARP association have been shown to influence AMPAR channel conductance, the manner in which different TARPs modulate the mean channel conductance of(More)
An extensive body of molecular, biochemical and biophysical evidence has firmly established that members of the transmembrane AMPA receptor regulatory protein (TARP) family are AMPA receptor (AMPAR) auxiliary subunits and the dominant modulators of their trafficking and function in the brain. Aside from their role in membrane trafficking and synaptic(More)
Internalization of G protein-coupled receptors is crucial for resensitization of phosphorylation-desensitized receptors, but also for their long term desensitization through sequestration. To elucidate the mechanisms regulating cell surface availability of the somatostatin (SRIF) receptor subtype sst5, we characterized its internalization properties in(More)
The hypothalamus is among the most phylogenetically conserved regions in the vertebrate brain, reflecting its critical role in maintaining physiological and behavioural homeostasis. By integrating signals arising from both the brain and periphery, it governs a litany of behaviourally important functions essential for survival. In particular, the lateral(More)