Alexander C.A.P. Leenders

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OBJECTIVE Amphotericin B deoxycholate initial therapy and fluconazole maintenance therapy is the treatment of choice for AIDS-associated cryptococcal meningitis. However, the administration of amphotericin B is associated with considerable toxicity. A potential strategy for reducing the toxicity and increasing the therapeutic index of amphotericin B is the(More)
Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis, serotype, and killer toxin sensitivity patterns of a wide range of saprobic, clinical, and veterinary isolates of both varieties of Cryptococcus neoformans were examined. C. neoformans var. neoformans and C. neoformans var. gattii differed in chromosomal makeup,(More)
After five patients were diagnosed with nosocomial invasive aspergillosis caused by Aspergillus fumigatus and A. flavus, a 14-month surveillance program for pathogenic and nonpathogenic fungal conidia in the air within and outside the University Hospital in Rotterdam (The Netherlands) was begun. A. fumigatus isolates obtained from the Department of(More)
During 2007-2009, we tested serum samples from 2,004 pregnant women living in an area of high Q fever incidence in the Netherlands. Results confirmed that presence of antibodies against Coxiella burnetii is related to proximity to infected dairy goat farms. Pregnant women and patients with certain cardiovascular conditions should avoid these farms.
The efficacy of AmBisome, a liposomal formulation of amphotericin B, was compared with that of Fungizone (amphotericin B desoxycholate), in a rat model of unilateral, pulmonary aspergillosis. Repeated administration of cyclophosphamide resulted in persistent, severe granulocytopenia. The left lung was inoculated with a conidial suspension of Aspergillus(More)
It has been suggested that a better outcome of neutropenia-associated invasive fungal infections can be achieved when high doses of lipid formulations of amphotericin B are used. We now report a randomized multicentre study comparing liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome, 5 mg/kg/d) to amphotericin B deoxycholate (AmB, 1 mg/kg/d) in the treatment of these(More)
Parvimonas micra is a rare pathogen for septic arthritis and is known for its subacute onset. We report a case of acute arthritis of the knee caused by P. micra and pseudogout. Initially, calcium pyrophosphate crystals were found in the knee, which were successfully treated with a steroid injection. Only anaerobic cultures became positive. A 16S rRNA(More)
Despite its considerable toxicity, amphotericin B (AmB) remains the 'golden standard' in the treatment of many systemic fungal infections. To reduce this toxicity, with the aim of increasing its therapeutic index, AmB can be encapsulated into liposomes or bound to lipid carriers. Following promising clinical results with investigational formulations, three(More)