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The innate immune response of airway epithelial cells to airborne allergens initiates the development of T cell responses that are central to allergic inflammation. Although proteinase allergens induce the expression of interleukin 25, we show here that epithelial matrix metalloproteinase 7 (MMP7) was expressed during asthma and was required for the maximum(More)
The effect of D-erythro-C18-sphingosine (sphingosine) and related compounds on the Ca(2+)-release channel (ryanodine binding protein) was examined on rabbit skeletal muscle membranes, on the purified ryanodine binding protein, and on the channel reconstituted into planar lipid bilayers. Sphingosine inhibited [3H]ryanodine binding to sarcoplasmic reticulum(More)
A fullerene-paclitaxel conjugate has been synthesized as a slow-release drug for aerosol liposome delivery of paclitaxel for lung cancer therapy. The conjugate was designed to release paclitaxel via enzymatic hydrolysis and subsequently has shown a half-life of release of 80 min in bovine plasma. A liposome formulation of the conjugate has been prepared(More)
Purpose: The plant alkaloid camptothecin (CPT) has shown significant antitumor activity against a wide variety of human tumors xenografted in nude mice. In previous studies we have found that administration of dilauroylphosphatidylcholine (DLPC) liposome aerosols containing 9-nitrocamptothecin (9-NC) inhibits the growth of human breast, colon and lung(More)
The photoreceptor cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE6) plays a key role in vertebrate vision, but its enzymatic mechanism and the roles of metal ion co-factors have yet to be determined. We have determined the amount of endogenous Zn(2+) in rod PDE6 and established a requirement for tightly bound Zn(2+) in catalysis. Purified PDE6 contained 3-4-g atoms of(More)
Smoking-related lung diseases are among the leading causes of death worldwide, underscoring the need to understand their pathogenesis and develop new effective therapies. We have shown that CD1a+ antigen-presenting cells (APCs) from lungs of patients with emphysema can induce autoreactive T helper 1 (T(H)1) and T(H)17 cells. Similarly, the canonical(More)
All commercial influenza vaccines elicit antibody responses that protect against seasonal infection, but this approach is limited by the need for annual vaccine reformulation that precludes efficient responses against epidemic and pandemic disease. In this study we describe a novel vaccination approach in which a nanoparticulate, liposome-based agent(More)
9-Nitrocamptothecin (9-NC) dilauroylphosphatidylcholine (DLPC) liposome aerosol was evaluated for potential toxicity in an 8-wk, subacute toxicity study in dogs. Fourteen adult dogs were divided into 2 groups with 10 animals in the 9-NC-DLPC treatment group and 4 animals in the DLPC-only vehicle control group. 9-NC-DLPC was administered to the animals using(More)
The Ca2+ release channel of skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum is modulated in a biphasic manner by the plant alkaloid ryanodine and there are two distinct binding sites on this channel for ryanodine. The Ca2+ release channel is a homotetramer with a subunit of 5037 amino acids. The ability of sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes to bind [3H]ryanodine to(More)
Neomycin is a potent inhibitor of skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) calcium release. To elucidate the mechanism of inhibition, the effects of neomycin on the binding of [3H]ryanodine to the Ca2+ release channel and on its channel activity when reconstituted into planar lipid bilayer were examined. Equilibrium binding of [3H]ryanodine was partially(More)