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OBJECTIVES The aim of our study has been to describe the cricopharyngeal muscle and its nerve supply from the recurrent laryngeal nerve and from the superior laryngeal nerve. METHODS Six normal adult human pharynges (12 sides) obtained from cadavers were studied. Micro-dissections were carried out thanks to a Leica microscope. Measures were obtained with(More)
The sphenopalatine artery is the end artery of the maxillary artery located within the pterygopalatine fossa and passes through the sphenopalatine foramen (SPF) on lateral nasal wall. Nasal bleeding from this artery is potentially life threatening and may urgently require endonasal endoscopic occlusion. The aims of the present study have been first to(More)
During the past decade, endoscopic video-assisted parathyroidectomy (EP) for primary hyper parathyroidism (PHPT) has gained wider acceptance. The endoscopic gasless procedure described by P. Miccoli (1997-1998) offers an attractive technique. A routine preoperative localization study was performed with both ultrasonography and 99m TC-Sestamibi scintigraphy(More)
OBJECTIVES We describe the surgical treatment of severe epistaxis and evaluate the recurrence of bleeding in a nonrandomized retrospective trial. METHODS We performed a retrospective study comparing bilateral endoscopic ligation of the sphenopalatine artery alone (ELSPA) and bilateral endoscopic ligation of the sphenopalatine artery with concomitant(More)
Recent theories about migraine pathogenesis have emphatized the role of the trigeminal system in the pathogenesis of migraine attacks. The local vasodilatation of intracranial extracerebral blood vessels and the consequent stimulation of surrounding trigeminal sensory nerve pain pathways are proposed to be the key mechanisms underlying the generation of(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the existence and the frequency of communicating branches between the spinal accessory nerve (SAN) and the C2, C3 and C4 roots of the cervical plexus. The present study also aimed to elucidate whether these branches contain motor fibers or not. Dissection of the cervical region was performed on twelve adult cadavers. A(More)
Dear Sirs, We read with great interest Supriya and colleagues’ article ‘Epistaxis: prospective evaluation of bleeding site and its impact on patient outcome’, published recently in The Journal of Laryngology & Otology. Despite the our belief that management of the epistaxis depends on the departmental policy and experience of the clinician, Supriya and(More)