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There is a general consensus that supports the need for standardized reporting of metadata or information describing large-scale metabolomics and other functional genomics data sets. Reporting of standard metadata provides a biological and empirical context for the data, facilitates experimental replication, and enables the re-interrogation and comparison(More)
Ochratoxin A (OTA), a mycotoxin produced by several fungi of Aspergillus and Penicillium species, may contaminate agricultural products, resulting in chronic human exposure. In rats, OTA is a potent nephrotoxin, and repeated administration of OTA for 2 years to rats in doses up to 0.21 mg/kg of body wt resulted in high incidences of renal tumors arising(More)
The InnoMed PredTox consortium was formed to evaluate whether conventional preclinical safety assessment can be significantly enhanced by incorporation of molecular profiling ("omics") technologies. In short-term toxicological studies in rats, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics data were collected and analyzed in relation to routine clinical(More)
Ochratoxin B (OTB), a secondary metabolite of Aspergillus ochraceus, is the nonchlorinated analogue of the mycotoxin ochratoxin A (OTA), which is one of the most potent renal carcinogens in rodents. Despite the closely related structure, OTB is considered to be of much lower toxicity. OTA is poorly metabolized and slowly eliminated, and this may play an(More)
In this publication, we report the outcome of the integrated EU Framework 6 PROJECT: Predictive Toxicology (PredTox), including methodological aspects and overall conclusions. Specific details including data analysis and interpretation are reported in separate articles in this issue. The project, partly funded by the EU, was carried out by a consortium of(More)
Although early detection of toxicant induced kidney injury during drug development and chemical safety testing is still limited by the lack of sensitive and reliable biomarkers of nephrotoxicity, omics technologies have brought enormous opportunities for improved detection of toxicity and biomarker discovery. Thus, transcription profiling has led to the(More)
Hepatic toxicity is a key concern for novel pharmaceutical drugs since it is difficult to anticipate in preclinical models, and it can originate from pharmacologically unrelated drug effects, such as pathway interference, metabolism, and drug accumulation. Because liver toxicity still ranks among the top reasons for drug attrition, the reliable prediction(More)
Various markers derived from radical-mediated oxidative damage to cellular macromolecules have been proposed as tools for the detection of alterations in redox status, but there is strong debate as to which may be the most sensitive and reliable indicator of oxidative stress conditions. This study was aimed to investigate the use of mercapturic acids(More)
Genotoxicity hazard identification is part of the impurity qualification process for drug substances and products, the first step of which being the prediction of their potential DNA reactivity using in silico (quantitative) structure-activity relationship (Q)SAR models/systems. This white paper provides information relevant to the development of the draft(More)