Alexander A. von Rücker

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Patients with malignancies often possess increased concentrations of cell-free serum DNA. In this study, we investigated serum DNA levels in each 45 patients with bladder cancer (BCA) undergoing radical cystectomy and with benign prostate hyperplasia. A quantitative real-time PCR was used to amplify a 124 bp (PTGS2; mostly apoptotic origin) and a 271 bp(More)
In this study we have presented in vitro data and results of a preliminary clinical trial using dendritic cells (DC) in patients with progressive metastatic renal cell carcinoma. DC precursor cells were obtained from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). DC were pulsed with autologous tumor cell lysate if available. In total, 15 patients were treated(More)
Dietary habits and incidence of prostate cancer (PCa) are very different in several parts of the world. Among the differences between Eastern and Western diets is the greater intake of soy in the Eastern cultures. This might be one factor contributing to a lower incidence of PCa in Asian men. Many studies using PCa cells and animal studies of chemical(More)
Background and aims: Lymphocyte apoptosis may influence immune responsiveness in systemic inflammation. Therefore, we investigated whether early signs of apoptosis (i.e., annexin-V binding and cell shrinkage) in peripheral lymphocytes were different among patients with severe sepsis, critically ill, nonseptic patients after major surgery, and healthy(More)
Recent studies indicate that circulating microRNAs in serum/plasma are a novel class of non-invasive biomarkers with diagnostic and prognostic information. So far, circulating microRNAs have not been analyzed in patients with bladder cancer. We collected serum from patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), muscle invasive bladder cancer(More)
An important prerequisite for a successful pregnancy is that the maternal immune system does not reject the fetus. Down-regulation of the T helper 1 (TH1) associated cellular immune response could therefore be essential. With flow cytometric techniques, we show on a single cell level that both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from peripheral blood produce less TH1(More)
Background: In this study we tried to estimate the local surgical trauma in patients undergoing endoscopic or conventional hernia repair via the changes in peripheral blood T cell subpopulations (i.e., T-helper 1 (TH1) and TH2 cells), recently shown to be recruited differentially to inflammatory sites. Methods: Cells were identified flow-cytometrically by(More)
To profile different tyrosine kinase (TK) expression patterns in clear cell renal carcinoma (ccRCC). We analysed mRNA expression levels of 89 receptor and non-receptor TK in corresponding cancer and normal renal tissue from 5 patients with ccRCC using the TaqMan Low-Density Array technology. In order to confirm aberrant TK expressions, a subsequent analysis(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are the major antigen-presenting cells. They are able to present tumor antigens to immunologic effector cells. MHC class II molecules on DC surfaces play an important role in priming effector cells against tumor cells and their antigens. The transactivator CIITA (MHC class II transactivator) is a non–DNA-binding transactivator, which(More)
Both we and others have observed a relative resistance of solid tumor cells to immunological effector cells in vitro, which may be one reason for the clinical phenomenon of resistance of patients with pancreatic carcinoma or other solid tumors to immunological therapeutic approaches. Dendritic cells (DC) are professional antigen-presenting cells which can(More)