Alexander A. Volodin

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Horizontal dissemination of the genes responsible for resistance to toxic pollutants may play a key role in the adaptation of bacterial populations to environmental contaminants. However, the frequency and extent of gene dissemination in natural environments is not known. A natural horizontal spread of two distinct mercury resistance (mer) operon variants,(More)
We demonstrate the reversibility of RecA-promoted strand exchange reaction between short oligonucleotides in the presence of adenosine 5'-O-(thiotriphosphate). The reverse reaction proceeds without the dissociation of RecA from DNA. The reaction reaches equilibrium and its yield depends on the homology between the reaction substrates. We estimate the(More)
We have studied the mechanisms of the horizontal dissemination of a broad-spectrum mercury resistance determinant among Bacillus and related species. This mer determinant was first described in Bacillus cereus RC607 from Boston Harbor, USA, and was then found in various Bacillus and related species in Japan, Russia and England. We have shown that the mer(More)
The interaction of human linker histone H1(0) with short oligonucleotides was characterized. The capability of the histone to promote DNA strand exchange in this system has been demonstrated. The reaction is reversible at saturating amounts of H1 corresponding to complete binding of the oligonucleotide substrates with the histone. In our conditions the(More)
Homologous recombination (HR) is one of the central processes of DNA metabolism, combining roles in both cell housekeeping and the evolution of genomes. In eukaryotes, HR underlies meiosis and ensures genome stability. The complete sequencing of numerous bacterial genomes has shown that HR has a substantial role in the evolution of microorganisms,(More)
Deletion of Hop2 in mice eliminates homologous chromosome synapsis and disrupts double-strand break (DSB) repair through homologous recombination. HOP2 in vitro shows two distinctive activities: when it is incorporated into a HOP2-MND1 complex it stimulates DMC1 and RAD51 recombination activities and the purified HOP2 alone is proficient in promoting strand(More)
Using biotinylated oligonucleotides and streptavidin as a marker, we have visualized, with the help of electron microscopy, the triplex formation. We used the natural homopurine-homopyrimidine sequence from human papillomavirus 16 cloned within a plasmid. Under conditions favouring the formation of pyrimidine-purine-pyrimidine triplex the corresponding(More)
We show that certain DNA sequences have the ability to influence the positioning of RecA monomers in RecA-DNA complexes. A tendency for RecA monomers to be phased was observed in RecA protein complexes with several oligonucleotides containing a recombinational hotspot sequence, the chi-site from Escherichia coli. This influence was observed in both the 5'(More)
The essential properties of the primary structure of regulatory peptides, i.e. amino acid residues and their combinations, which are characteristic of the whole population of regulatory peptides, have been revealed using statistical methodology. These properties are as follows: increased content of certain residues (Gly, Pro, Phe, Arg, Tyr, Met and Trp) as(More)
Some fluorescein derivatives attached to the 5'-end of oligonucleotides stimulate recA protein-oligonucleotide binding. The complex formation at near stoichiometric DNA/protein ratios is demonstrated for 18-bases-long oligonucleotides. The complexes with dye-labeled oligonucleotides are shown to be active in the reaction of homologous strand exchange. The(More)