Alexander A. Prozorov

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The cryptic 95-kb plasmid p19 of the Bacillus subtilis 19 soil strain promotes the transfer of a small kanamycin resistance plasmid pUB110. To facilitate direct selection for p19 transfer, a plasmid derivative carrying the chloramphenicol resistance gene was constructed. The frequency of transfer of the large plasmid between cells of B. subtilis 19(More)
To determine the minimal DNA sequence homology required for recombination in Bacillus subtilis, we developed a system capable of distinguishing between homologous and illegitimate recombination events during plasmid integration into the chromosome. In this system the recombination frequencies were measured between is pE194 derivatives carrying segments of(More)
Some features of integration of temperature-sensitive pE194, pGG10 and pGG20 plasmids into the Bacillus subtilis chromosome were studied. Several auxotrophic mutations were obtained using insertion of these plasmids into the chromosome. The sites of plasmids for illegitimate recombination were determined. It was shown that the integration into the Bac.(More)
The results of recent (10–12 years) research in the functions of two-gene chromosomal modules are considered and generalized. One of the genes encodes a toxin protein; the product of the other gene is an antitoxin protein. In the course of balanced bacterial growth, the toxin is constantly neutralized by the antitoxin; however, certain metabolic changes(More)
The review summarizes the data on the Mycobacterium tuberculosis mutations that lead to multidrug resistance (MDR) to various antibiotics. MDR strains arose over the past 30 years as a variety of antituberculosis drugs were introduced in medicine, and they largely discount the results of chemotherapy for tuberculosis. The most dangerous of them are strains(More)
Integration of expressible DNA corresponding to the human dihydrofolate reductase (hDHFR) gene into the Bacillus subtilis genome has been achieved in different ways. The clones obtained contained one to seven copies of this gene per genome equivalent and were resistant to trimethoprim. Clones produce a new protein coded by the integrated hDHFR gene. In all(More)
The illegitimate integration of plasmid pGG20 (the hybrid between Staphylococcus aureus plasmid pE194 and Escherichia coli plasmid pBR322) into the Bacillus subtilis chromosome was studied. It was found that nucleotide sequences of both parental plasmids could be involved in this process. The recombinant DNA junctions between plasmid pGG20 and the(More)
Transformation with chromosomal and plasmid DNAs comprised in liposomes of different compositions was studied on competent cells of Bacillus subtilis. Transformation with chromosomal DNA comprised in liposomes appeared to constitute 1.1 to 1.5% of the control, and transformation with plasmid DNA in liposomes reaches 8 to 11%, as compared to the control. It(More)
Conjugal transfer of plasmid pUB110 between different strains of bacilli was studied. The plasmid transfer was possible not only between various strains of B. subtilis, but also when many other species of bacilli served as recipients. Conjugation of a donor strain B. subtilis 19 (p19 pUB110) was accompanied by a transfer of plasmid p19 along with plasmid(More)