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PURPOSE To experimentally validate the effectiveness of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging enhanced with long-circulating iron oxide for measurement of vascular volume fractions (VVFs) as indicators of angiogenesis in different experimental tumor models. MATERIALS AND METHODS Tumors with differing degrees of angiogenesis-9L rodent gliosarcoma, DU4475 human(More)
The paper presents a pitch estimation technique based on the robust algorithm for pitch tracking (RAPT) framework. The proposed solution provides estimation of instantaneous pitch values and is not sensitive to rapid frequency modulations. The technique utilizes a different period candidate generating function based on instantaneous harmonic parameters. The(More)
Covalent conjugates of the cross-linked iron oxide nanoparticles (CLIO) and high-affinity (K(d)(app) = 8.5 nM) anti-human E-selectin (CD62E) F(ab')(2) fragments were prepared and tested in vitro to establish feasibility of endothelial proinflammatory marker magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The conjugates were obtained by using thiol-disulfide exchange(More)
This paper addresses the problem of noise estimation for the Karhunen-Loeve transform (KLT) based speech enhancement. The eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the noise covariance matrix are tracked using recursive averaging algorithm. This process is controlled by the noise power minima obtained from the noisy signal even during the speech activity periods. The(More)
A rapid and accurate assessment of the antitumor efficacy of new therapeutic drugs could speed up drug discovery and improve clinical decision making. Based on the hypothesis that most effective antitumor agents induce apoptosis, we developed a near-infrared fluorescent (NIRF) annexin V to be used for optical sensing of tumor environments. To demonstrate(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has evolved into a sophisticated, noninvasive imaging modality capable of high-resolution anatomical and functional characterization of transgenic animals. To expand the capabilities MRI, we have developed a novel MR signal amplification (MRamp) strategy based on enzyme-mediated polymerization of paramagnetic substrates into(More)
Noninvasive imaging using radioactive annexin V is an emerging strategy for the assessment of cell death in vivo (F. G. Blankenberg, and H. W. Strauss. Apoptosis, 6: 117-123, 2001.). Therefore, we investigated whether annexin V labeled with the fluorophore Cy5.5 (Cy) could serve as a probe for imaging of tumor apoptosis using near infrared fluorescence(More)
Antiangiogenesis is emerging as efficient strategy for targeting and potentially eliminating neoplastic tumor vessels. The main goal of this study was to establish whether absolute tumor blood volume (V(b)) change could be used as an early predictor of antiangiogenesis in ectopic and orthotopic colon carcinomas. To assess therapy-induced changes of V(b), we(More)
A novel approach to the design and implementation of four-channel paraunitary filter banks is presented. It utilizes hypercomplex number theory, which has not yet been employed in these areas. Namely, quaternion multipliers are presented as alternative pa-raunitary building blocks, which can be regarded as generalizations of Givens (planar) rotations. The(More)