Alexander A Khorlin

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Triple helix forming oligonucleotides (TFOs) recognize and bind sequences in duplex DNA and have received considerable attention because of their potential for targeting specific genomic sites. TFOs can deliver DNA reactive reagents to specific sequences in purified chromosomal DNA (ref. 4) and nuclei. However, chromosome targeting in viable cells has not(More)
A new series of short pyrrole tetraamides are described whose submicromolar DNA binding affinity is an essential component for their strong antibacterial activity. This class of compounds is related to the linked bis-netropsins and bis-distamycins, but here, only one amino-pyrrole-carboxamide unit and an amidine tail is connected to either side of a central(More)
The antiviral activity of 3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxynucleoside 5'-phosphate analogues: 5'-phosphonomethylene-3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxythymidine, 5'-methylphosphonate and 5'-phosphite of 3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxythymidine, 5'-phosphites of 3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxyadenosine and guanosine was investigated in HIV-infected cell cultures (human lymphoblastoid cells). The(More)
A sequence-specific genomic delivery system for the correction of chromosomal mutations was designed by incorporating two different binding domains into a single-stranded oligonucleotide. A repair domain (RD) contained the native sequence of the target region. A third strand-forming domain (TFD) was designed to form a triplex by Hoogsteen interactions. The(More)
Successful gene-targeting reagents must be functional under physiological conditions and must bind chromosomal target sequences embedded in chromatin. Triple helix-forming oligonucleotides (TFOs) recognize and bind specific sequences via the major groove of duplex DNA and may have potential for gene targeting in vivo. We have constructed chemically(More)
In an attempt to develop a reliable system for DNA sequence analysis with multiple hybridization probes, oligonucleotides down to 8 bases long were covalently immobilized in a thin layer of polyacrylamide gel fixed on a glass plate. It was shown possible to detect single base changes in DNA by hybridization of the immobilized oligonucleotides with(More)
We have found that several aliphatic and alicyclic diols induce melanogenesis in cultured S91 mouse melanoma cells and normal human epidermal melanocytes (NHEM). In addition, these compounds induce melanogenesis when applied to guinea pig skin, with transfer of melanin to keratinocytes and formation of "supranuclear caps," as occurs in naturally pigmented(More)
Previously, we showed that 5-norbornene-2,2-dimethanol (5-NBene-2,2-DM) is an effective inducer of melanogenesis in cultured cells and guinea-pig skin [Brown et al. (1998) J. Invest. Dermatol., 110:428-437]. This study shows that 2,3-cis/exo-pinanediol (2,3-cs/ex-PinD) is a more effective inducer of melanogenesis than 5-NBene-2,2-DM in S91 mouse melanoma(More)