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The immune system recognizes invaders as foreign because they express determinants that are absent on host cells or because they lack "markers of self" that are normally present. Here we show that CD47 (integrin-associated protein) functions as a marker of self on murine red blood cells. Red blood cells that lacked CD47 were rapidly cleared from the(More)
Integrin-associated protein (IAP, CD47) is a plasma membrane receptor for thrombospondins and signal regulatory proteins (SIRPs) that has an essential role in host defense through its association with integrins. The IAP gene encodes alternatively spliced carboxyterminal cytoplasmic tails that have no previously described function. IAP cytoplasmic tails can(More)
This study has investigated the role of protein kinase C (PKC) activation in IgG-mediated phagocytosis by human monocytes. Incubation of monocytes with IgG-opsonized targets increased membrane-associated PKC approximately 2-fold. Kinetic studies showed that the translocation of PKC to membrane occurred before significant ingestion took place. The(More)
Human neutrophils (PMN) possess at least two distinct mechanisms for the ingestion of IgG-opsonized pathogens; one is independent of and the other is dependent on products of the respiratory burst. Oxidant-mediated ingestion is not induced by exposure to the IgG-opsonized target but requires additional stimulation by phorbol esters or cytokines. The purpose(More)
The transmembrane protein tyrosine phosphatase CD45 is required for Ag receptor signal transduction in lymphocytes. Recently, a role for CD45 in the regulation of macrophage adhesion has been demonstrated as well. To investigate further the role of CD45 in the regulation of adhesion, we examined integrin-mediated adhesion to fibronectin of two T cell lines(More)
Expression in OV10 cells of either wild-type CD47 or its extracellular IgV domain linked to a glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor-(IgV-GPI) enhanced ligand-induced alpha(v)beta(3) activation as detected by the binding of LIBS1 and LIBS6 mAbs. The amplitude of LIBS binding was greater with both CD47 and IgV-GPI expression, indicating an increase in the(More)
Integrins link the cell's cytoskeleton to the extracellular matrix, as well as to receptors on other cells. These links occur not only at focal contacts but also at smaller integrin-containing protein complexes outside of focal contacts. We previously demonstrated the importance of focal contact-independent integrin-cytoskeleton interactions of beta(2)(More)
Copper-64 (Cu-64) and Galium-68 (Ga-68) radiolabeled DO3A and NODA conjugates of exendin-4 were used for preclinical imaging of pancreatic β cells via targeting of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R). DO3A-VS- and NODA-VS-tagged Cys40exendin-4 (DO3A-VS-Cys40-exendin-4 and NODA-VS-Cys40-exendin-4, respectively) were labeled with Cu-64 and Ga-68 using(More)
PURPOSE The complexity of sarcoma has led to the need for patient selection via in vivo biomarkers. Tumor endothelial marker-1 (TEM-1) is a cell surface marker expressed by the tumor microenvironment. Currently MORAb-004 (Ontuxizumab), an anti-TEM-1 humanized monoclonal antibody, is in sarcoma clinical trials. Development of positron emission tomography(More)
of Zr-89-Ontuxizumab for in vivo TEM-1/endosialin PET applications. AbstrAct Purpose: The complexity of sarcoma has led to the need for patient selection via in vivo biomarkers. Tumor endothelial marker-1 (TEM-1) is a cell surface marker expressed by the tumor microenvironment. Currently MORAb-004 (Ontuxizumab), an anti-TEM-1 humanized monoclonal antibody,(More)